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Archipelago Los Roques National Park - Bolivar State Venezuela - guiaviajesvirtual.com

Archipelago Los Roques National Park
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Archipelago Los Roques National Park is located in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Central Venezuela. In its northern part it presents a coral reef 24 kilometers long, whose platform reaches up to 10 m of depth. By its southern part Achieves platform reach 1,000 m of depth.

Impressive as the archipelago is the purity of their environment, where even the colors are presented in form livelier, with shades of electric blue in its waters, of the Most Pure White powdery sand, the green mangroves Powerful Sus.

El Gran Roque is the largest of the Islands, where most plant life is presented and Bird. It is here where locals offer tourists everything they may need during their stay in the archipelago. But its mayor treasure is under the surface, where an infinite marine life develops near the coral reef.

Archipelago Los Roques National Park is located in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Central Venezuela. In its northern part it presents a coral reef 24 kilometers long, whose platform reaches up to 10 m of depth. By its southern part Achieves platform reach 1,000 m of depth. Impressive as the archipelago is the purity of their environment, where even the colors are presented in form livelier, with shades of electric blue in its waters, of the Most Pure White powdery sand, the green mangroves Powerful Sus.

El Gran Roque is the largest of the Islands, where most plant life is presented and Bird. It is here where locals offer tourists everything they may need during their stay in the archipelago. But its mayor treasure is under the surface, where an infinite marine life develops near the coral reef.

The Archipelago Los Roques is considered by many as a paradise for sport diving, due to the great diversity of underwater life, finding all kinds of sponges, corals, molluscs, crustaceans, sea turtles, sharks, jellyfish, etc. among with the spectacular transparency of its waters gives you an unforgettable experience.

Undoubtedly Archipelago Los Roquesis one of the first class natural areas in Venezuela, this incomparable beauty of islands formation, where land and sea meet in a splendid escenic harmony, is virtually unmatched in the country.

Location: Los Roques Archipelago National Park is located north of the Central Coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea, 170 km away from the central coast. It is part of the Federal Dependencies and Venezuelan Group of the Lesser Antilles islands, known as the Leeward Islands.

Altitude: Sea Level

Area: 221,120 ha.

Climate: Arid-desert. Annual Media: Temperature: 28º C.

Annual Precipitation: media: 270 mm.

Physical Characteristics of Archipelago Los Roques National Park

Los Roques Archipelago National Park is a complex of islands and coral reef, of coral origin, built on a submarine plateau, arising only at Gran Roque Island. It has more than 42 cays and 300 coral and sand banks. Originated in the Upper Cretaceous, which is constituted by 36 islands, cays and extensive living coral reefs, for their peculiar characteristics, natural scenic beauty, flora and fauna, it needs to be preserved by the Venezuelan State under the legal concept of National Park.

One of the most outstanding characteristics of relief constitutes the "Header Roques" and the famous "East Barrier" That is a Barrier Reef in an arc, which stretches north-south direction with a length of about 24 km. South of the archipelago is the "South Barrera" Reaching 34 km. Length and depths ranging from 500 to 1,000 meters.

From the formations of cays in the archipelago the most numerous are known as "flappers" which are sandy and without any vegetation and low stability; instead the others have coverage with vegetation of grasses, shrubs and creepers sand-fixing plants and prevent erosion. Having the mayor open lagoons, internal gaps and Salinas. In this sea-island landscape, composed of mangroves, beaches, bays, islands and cays the aridity is extreme.

It is the National Park which occupies first place in Venezuela of its kind, essentially determined by the huge expanse of calm sea and by the presence of numerous keys, lagoons, beaches with crystal clear waters where you can find all services.

They have reported about 90 species of seabirds, 40% of which are migratory, situation together with the richness of the reef and shoals covered phanerogam, led Los Roques to merit in 1995 designation as a RAMSAR site (Wetland of International Importance).

Here chromatic emeralds and turquoise hues are altered with dark blue and light blue of the sea. Its beaches are white sand and coral formations, salt marshes, mangroves, rocky cliffs, and seagrass meadows, particularly in the Cayo del Gran Roque the most important and biggest in the archipelago.

Especially in the Cay Gran Roque which is the largest and most important of the archipelago. This key is the only one that is permanently inhabited and it is the old and famous Dutch Faro.

Since 1997, the Coordination of the Archipelago Los Roques National Park INPARQUES has developed a program of monitoring, surveillance and custody of sea turtles: Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata, Dermochelys coriacea and Caretta caretta, which covers the entire area of the archipelago. This program aims to protect these turtles, which in the world are in serious danger of extinction.

Tourist Activities in Archipelago Los Roques National Park

The Archipelago Los Roques is ideal for lovers of water sports like Windsurfing, Kitesurfing, Waterski, Snorkeling and scuba diving. Although the variety of wildlife is very limited in arid land areas, the archipelago is a paradise for scuba divers and snorkeling, fishing bonefish also is a major draw.

Diving is one of the most popular fishing gear in the archipelago because it is an activity of low operating cost and high economic performance. Fishermen practice free diving, which can be diverted to catching lobster and queen conch.

It consists of a group of 50 islands, among which are: El Gran Roque, Madrisky, Cayo de Agua, Two Mosquises, Cayo Pirata or Island of Rats, Francisky, Selesky, Esparky, Buchiyaco, Gresky, Bequevé, Carenero, Landky Carenero, Celuisky, Cayo Grande, Cayo Sal, Brujuky or Philip Island, Noranky, Krasky, Ubirata, Espenky, Rabuky, Porky, Sanky, long Island or Landky, Burky, Rasky, Nordisky, Gotoky, Ratiky, Las Bubies, Rio Yere , Mosquitoky, Pelona Island, Los Kankises, Sarky, Yanky, Uisky, Lorankises, Prestonky, Presunky, La Cote pot and Boca de Cote.

Since Roques is a national park, they have imposed certain restrictions on construction. No large luxury hotels, but a variety of inns, ranging from some very simple, even the most luxurious, who pride is its cuisine offering exquisite and varied dishes.

Vegetation of Archipelago Los Roques National Park

The vegetation is formed by halophilic coastal grasslands, coastal xeric shrublands, coastal mangroves. The vegetation of higher plants is relatively poor. It is basically made up of mangroves, which grow in areas where there is little depth or where the tide penetrates inland, mangroves whose most important species are the red mangrove Rhizophora mangrove, black mangrove Avicennia germinans, white mangrove Laguncularia racemosa develop the botoncillo Conocarpus erectus. On the sands grows prickly grass Cenchrus echinatus cocklebur, purslane Portulaca oleraceae glass and grass Sesuvium portulacastrum. In the sandy seabed thrives seagrass, known by the inhabitants of the region, such as turtle grass Thalassia testudinum, grass manatee or vermicelli Syimgodium sp, which grow abundantly in the seabed and provide food for many marine species.

One of the most important ecological systems of the planet is so far the tropical mangrove. This ecosystem contains diverse and productive biological communities of nature. The mangrove covers three quarters of tropical coastlines in the world. Plant and animal species that live there have adapted to that particular environment, characterized by boggy soils and high salinity. In the tops of the trees, in hollow trunks and roots, live a unique number (1,200 known species) of animals, especially acclimated to these conditions of life. Mangroves fulfill important function of biological, climatological and hydrological regional stabilization. In the most exposed coastal areas provide vital mangroves effective protection against erosion caused by sea currents.

Fauna of Archipelago Los Roques National Park

Land animals are scarce, but there is a rich bird life and varied marine fauna. Have been reported about 92 species of seabirds, of which 52% are migratory, among them you can see the squatarola Stormwater Turkish beach, the olivacea Cotua halacrocorax olivaceus, loggerhead Cottontail red-footed booby, gull Sterna really fuscata, tirra eurygnatha gull Sterna, Larus the Guanaguanare atricilla, the gannet Pelecanus occidentalis, flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber, the brown booby Sula leucogaster. The only mammal found in the archipelago is the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus and the sea is common to see flocks of dolphins Delphinus delphis.

Ecosystem park reefs have one of the highest biological, ecological and physiographic values: they are formed by several species of corals as e'chub deer Acropora palmata, coral star and stone Montrastea annularis, brain coral Diploria labyrinthiformis, which they live in symbiotic association with several species of algae. Until now they have been reported 57 species of coral. There are plenty of black and white urchins, the encrusting anemone, the stone crab and sponges cylindrical. In the areas near coral fish are strange shapes and bright colors; all these features provide a high value reef scenic and aesthetic.

Among the reptiles include sea turtles, including the green turtle Chelonia mydas which nests and can be found in small amounts in the park, the most abundant is the hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata, the Cardon Dermochelys coriacea and bighead or loggerhead Caretta caretta. All of them endangered.

Recommendations

National Parks and Natural Monuments are created to preserve and conserve the natural resources of the country. Therefore we should consider some tips during our visit: All visitors to the National Park pay an access permit. People who want to stay overnight in tents, at any cay archipelago, require a permit which is issued by the offices of INPARQUES found on the island of Gran Roque. Also if you visit the park on a boat, you must register your entry in the same office, obtain the necessary permits and cancel the established rate.

Avoid anchoring boats, walk on low coral and extract pieces of coral as souvenirs, since fractures produced lead to bacterial infections and therefore coral death. Be sure to sort and place trash you generate on your journey in deposits placed for disposal.

With your conscious contribution will help preserve the quality of the landscape and will also help alleviate the difficult scavenging. Pay attention to own sounds nice, do not bother others with excessive and unpleasant sounds. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and sicotópicos, both lead to dangerous excesses and recklessness.

For boats, boat rides or the provision of a minimum safety equipment (life jackets, anchors, paddles, tools, first aid, drinking water, waste bags) should be provided.

Rules

Some uses and activities are not allowed in the National Park, including are punishable by the laws and Regulations of Use for:

The felling of mangrove deforestation and earthworks.
The exploitation or extraction of forest, plant or animal products.
The introduction of exotic and domestic animals.
Hunting for commercial or subsistence purposes.
Carry weapons Abandon, throw or deposit garbage, solid waste or any contaminant.
Fishing activities without authorization from the Sectoral Directorate General of Parks Nacionales.
Build houses or buildings, fences and urban development.
sport lobster catch is expressly prohibited, the user can only buy it at the time of marketing, from November 1 to April 30, authorized local fishermen. The ones sold must meet the minimum size required, 1kg weight and / or 12 cm long.

How to reach the Archipelago of Los Roques

The easiest and fastest way to reach the archipelago of Los Roques is by air. There are commercial flights from Maiquetía International Airport, the largest in the country, which is located 166 Km, Porlamar and Maracaibo and there are several airlines to choose from.

Schedules of flights and fares change regularly so we suggest you consult with your travel consultant about current promotions. The flight from Maiquetia airport takes between 35 and 45 minutes approximately.

Also by sea, either by private boat or taking a tour that can last from one to several days, yachts, sailboats and tourist boats, the journey is made in eight hours sailing, boat or sailboat tour can be done in 12 to 16 hours, depending on weather conditions.

For more information contact the National Directorate of National Parks, Av Romulo Gallegos, with St. Hedwig 2nd Avenue, next to the metro station Parque del Este, Caracas, Phone (0212) 2854859 -. 2,854,106. You can also receive information at the Superintendency Archipelago Los Roques. Located in Isla El Gran Roque, final Main Street.

Map of Archipelago of Los Roques

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