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Best Places to visit in the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina

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San Andrés and Providencia Vacation and Travel Guide


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San Andrés and Providencia is a department of Colombia located west of the Caribbean Sea, 775 kilometers (480 nautical miles) northwest of the coast Atlantic country and 220 km (140 nautical miles) from the eastern coast of Nicaragua. The departmental capital is San Andrés and has only one municipality, Providencia and Santa Catalina Islands. It is considered one of the most beautiful islands of Colombia with one of the best beaches in America.

San Andrés and Providencia is the only insular department of Colombia and San Andrés addition, the largest island of the country, consists of other islands, cays and islets on the volcanic platform western Caribbean Sea.

On June 23, 1822 the flag of the then Republic of Gran Colombia was raised on the island of Providencia, and 21 next July did the same on the island of San Andres, the date on which the archipelago was admitted into territorial formation of the new nation in accordance with the Constitution of Cucuta.

According to the census of the National Administrative Department of Statistics of Colombia of 2005, the department has a population of 73,320 inhabitants, the most densely populated country in Colombia since the sum total of its land is only 44 square kilometers, representing a density of 1603.5 people per square kilometer; This places the islands in a delicate situation of resources. The main languages spoken in the territory are the sanadresano Creole, Spanish and English.

San Andres and Providencia have a special administrative regime. The island of San Andrés is the capital of the department and comprises three police posts: La Loma, San Luis and North End. there is only one municipality, Providencia and Santa Catalina Islas17 although the Constitution authorizes the departmental Assembly create others on the island of San Andres, being the capital does not have the status of municipality. The seat of government is located on this island, in the center of Linde North (North End) which is located north of it, which is the area most densely populated island with more than 6,000 inhabitants / km².

Tourism in San Andrés and Providencia

Main Tourist Attractions of San Andrés and Providencia:

Blow Hole (Blowing Hole)
Baptist Church of La Loma (First Baptist Church)
Johnny Keys, Aquarius, Haynes, Courtown and Crab
Barrio de San Luis, where most of the native islander population
Morgan cave
Big Lagoon Pond
Port of Cove
Natural Old Providence McBean Lagoon National Park
The Peak, a place that offers a superb view of the Caribbean Sea
Head of Morgan, on the island of Santa Catalina
The tree house (Lair tree)
Botanical Garden

San Andrés-Providencia Creole language

Under Article 10 of the Constitution of Colombia, they are official, both Spanish and the native language of San Andres and Providencia, Andrés Creole English (Creole Inglés), spoken by the native population of the archipelago.

Although the official language is Spanish, it is worth noting that San Andres and Providencia is a privileged place linguistically in Colombia; since it has a population the vast majority trilingual. Native usually speaks and writes Spanish and English; and among their colleagues communicating in San Andrés Creole.

Both the Spanish language and English is taught in public and private schools, most of them also teach bilingual education.

Gastronomy of San Andrés and Providencia

The cuisine is based on fish like red snapper, conch, lobster and crab. These dishes are usually served with coconut, banana, cassava and coconut milk. The most traditional dish is the Rondón, a kind of fish stew and snail slowly cooked in coconut milk with cassava, yams, fish and dumpling, a cake made with wheat flour.

Religion in the San Andrés and Providencia

San Andres has numerous religious cults, including Catholics, Baptists (dominant and majority church among native islanders), Adventists, Christian mission, Pentecostals and other Protestant groups, Jehovah's Witnesses and also Muslims and Jews; whose religions have respectively mosque and synagogue on the island of San Andres.

Festivities of San Andrés and Providencia

Coco Carnival takes place in the month of November 27 to 30, the feast day of San Andrés is celebrated the "Reign of the Coco" contest in which several countries of the Atlantic coast and neighboring islands involved is carried out. To this is added the Green Moon Festival (The green moon festival) largely devoted to reggae and calypso music. Coconut Carnival is also held to celebrate the birthday of San Andrés.



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Archipielago of San Andrés and Providencia Airports

Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport (IATA code: ADZ, ICSP code: SKSP) is the main airport in the San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina archipelago, which has a structure and capacity to receive large aircraft.

Receive "charter" and "seasonal" flights from different parts of America and Europe. It is the seventh most important air terminal in Colombia.

The Airport El Embrujo is a regional airport and is located the island of Providencia, municipality of Providencia and Santa Catalina Islands in Colombia. It is the most northern airport in the entire Colombian territory.

The runway of this airport is very short, so it is difficult to operate flights from the mainland of Colombia, currently only operate aircraft of up to 20 passengers, being the largest plane that has arrived the Dornier 328. The West Caribbean company made about 8 flights from San Andres with Let L-410 Turbolet aircraft.


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