South America Travel and Tourist Guide
Chile Top Destinatons - Best Places to visit in Chile
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Chile Vacation and Travel Guide
Chile is located in the southwestern tip of South America, it is usually described consists of three areas. The first of these, known as continental Chile, comprises a long, narrow strip of land on the west coast of the Southern Cone that extends over 4270 km, mostly from the southeastern shore of the Pacific Ocean to the Andes, between parallels 17 ° 29'57 "S and 56 ° 32 'S.
The second, called Insular Chile, corresponds to a set of volcanic islands in the South Pacific such as the Juan Fernández Archipelago and Desventuradas Islands belonging to South America, Salas y Gómez Island and Easter Island, geographically located in Polynesia.
The third, called Antarctic Chilean territory, it is an area of Antarctica or Antarctic 1,250,257.6 km² between the meridians 53° W and 90° W
On which Chile claims sovereignty, extending its southern boundary to the South Pole. Due to its presence in America, Oceania and Antarctica, Chile describes himself as a tri-continental country.
The latitudinal extent of the country, which spans nearly 40 degrees, reaching almost 73 if the Chilean Antarctic Territory, relief and influence of the Pacific Ocean included are the main factors behind climate and varied landscape of Chile, which which determines the development of the formation of different ecosystems in the country. Since the mid-1990s, tourism in Chile has become one of the main economic resources of the country, especially in its most extreme areas. Among the souvenirs of Chile, highlighting the wines, work in copper and wood, fabrics and crafts in general.
Main Tourist Attractions of Chile
The Main Tourist Attractions of Chile correspond to its coast of 6435 km in length, the Andes with its ski resorts, its mountains and volcanoes, islands and archipelagos, Easter Island is one of the main Chilean tourist destinations and places of natural landscapes composed of 14 natural monuments, 36 national parks, 10 biosphere reserves, 52 nature reserves, 39 wildlife sanctuaries and 12 Ramsar sites, mainly those of the end regions of the country.
Chile Continental is the name given to the territory of Chile located on the continental shelf of South America. This term is used to differentiate the South American zone of both the island, known as insular territories Chile, and the Chilean Antarctic Territory. The existence of these three areas of actual or claimed Chilean sovereignty is the principle underlying the existing tricontinental there. In addition, this term allows you to specify time zones in Chile. Thus, continental Chile, next to the Juan Fernandez archipelago and Desventuradas islands, is located in the zone UTC-4 and UTC-3 (DST), while Easter Island and Sala y Gómez, both in Polynesia, are two hours apart (UTC-6 UTC-5).
Chile Continental has an area of 756,770 square kilometers, equivalent to 99.976% of the total land area under effective management. However, considering the claim in Antarctica, this percentage decreases to only 37.71% of the national territory.
Main Tourist Destinations in the North of Chile Continental
The Northern Chile Continental area covers the three northern regions of Arica and Parinacota, Tarapaca and Antofagasta and both North Chico, Atacama and Coquimbo.
In the northern part of the country are the Atacama Desert, the driest in the world; the Chuquicamata copper mine, the largest mine in the world open sky; and Ojos del Salado, of 6891.3 meters, the world's tallest volcano and the highest peak in Chile's second continent and the southern and western hemispheres. Also in this area the remains of the Chinchorro culture, developed between 5000 and 1700 are. C., the world's first artificially mummify their dead; and the remains of withdrawals made between 12,000 and 10,000 years ago in a mine iron oxide, the oldest in the continent. UNESCO declared the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works as a World Heritage Site in 2005.
In the northern region there are more than a dozen astronomical facilities, observatories between optical observatories and radio. Among others, the most important are: Paranal (VLT), the most advanced and powerful planet astronomical complex; ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter Array), to date the largest astronomical project in the world; and La Silla, all dependent on the ESO (European Southern Observatory).
In this area, you can see the desert bloom, a phenomenon that occurs between September and November of those years with normal rainfall on the desert range. At the end of Norte Grande, near Putre, you can see the assembly formed by the Lake Chungara, one of the highest in the world with 4500 meters above sea level and Parinacota volcano. San Pedro de Atacama is visited by foreigners to appreciate the architecture of the town tourists, the highland lakes, the Valley of the Moon and the geyser field of El Tatio, the largest in the southern hemisphere and the third largest worldwide.
The coastal resorts of the northern areas of North and Chico as Arica, Iquique, Antofagasta, La Serena and Coquimbo host the national tourism during the summer months.
Aymara syncretism between tradition and Catholicism has produced festivals and religious traditions such as those dedicated to the Virgen del Carmen in La Tirana and the Virgin of Andacollo and carnivals.
Main Tourist Destinations in the Central Zone of Chile Continental
This area includes five regions: Valparaiso, Metropolitana, O'Higgins, Maule and Bio Bio.
Due to its proximity to the capital, the coast of the Region of Valparaiso is that during the summer months has a large number of tourists, primarily in the Central Coast and Vina del Mar, considered the tourist capital of Chile for its importance in the field because it has thirteen beaches, the location of various entertainment centers, is one of the leading casinos in the country, and because every summer headquarters of Viña del Mar International Song Festival, considered the largest festival of Latin America and the largest in the Americas.
Santiago, the capital and main urban center of Chile, home to many sites of historical and heritage. Within the Gran Santiago, there are 174 heritage sites in the custody of the National Monuments Council (CMN), among which are archaeological, architectural and historical monuments, as well as typical or picturesque areas. Of these, 93 are located within the municipality of Santiago, considered the heart of the city. Although no santiaguino monument has yet been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco three have already been proposed by the Chilean government: Incan Sanctuary of Cerro El Plomo, the Church and Convent of San Francisco and the Palace of La Moneda.
In this area of the country are El Teniente, the largest underground copper mine in the world, and the mining town of Sewell, declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2006.
Tourist destinations in the South Zone and Southern Zone of Chile Continental
This area covers the three regions of the South Zone La Araucanía, Los Ríos and Los Lagos and two in the southern area Aysén and Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica.
Main Tourist Destinations in the Souther Zone of Chile
The Souther Zone of Chile starts from Bio Bio River and ends approximately at the Reloncaví. It includes the region of Araucania, Rivers Region and the provinces of Osorno, Llanquihue and Chiloe in Lakeland. This area is one of the most heterogeneous in terms of landscapes and economic activities. With a climate that gradually becomes more humid, the ground is covered by extensive forests and numerous lakes. Its main cities are Temuco, Puerto Montt, Valdivia and Osorno.
The southern zone coincides with the Chilean Patagonia in its narrow sense and therefore includes the province of Palena in the Lakes Region, the Region of Aysén and Magallanes whole. It has approximately 242,320 inhabitants, is the least populated, and an area of 219,914 km² (excluding the Chilean Antarctic Territory). It covers an area characterized by low temperatures and abundant precipitation as rain in the west and low rainfall in the east, usually in the form of snow.
Fishing, tourism and animal husbandry are the main activities in the area. The Carretera Austral terrestrially connects the northern sector with central Chile, while Magallanes region has only land access through Argentine territory. Because of the distances and road conditions, it is frequent recourse to air transit to communicate with other areas.
In this area are the Chiloé archipelago, which is home to 16 churches declared World Heritage Site by Unesco in 2000, the Chilean Patagonia, San Rafael Lagoon and Glacier, the Circuit of Seven Lakes and other National Parks as the Conguillío, Vicente Pérez Rosales, the most visited of the country and Torres del Paine, selected as the eighth wonder of the world in 2013.
The Sixteen Churches of Chiloé
The Churches of Chiloé are wooden temples built in the Archipelago of Chiloé, in the south of Chile, according to a traditional pattern that is considered to belong to a school of architecture. The oldest buildings still standing date from the mid-eighteenth century and the most recent, the first third of the twentieth century. Of these, a set of sixteen is considered a National Historical Monument of Chile and, since 2000, a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
Geographically, the sixteen churches, nine are on the east coast of the Big Island, three in Lemuy, two in Quinchao, one in Caguach and one in Shilling. Considering the administrative divisions, all of which are in the province of Chiloé and from north to south are scattered commune as follows: Colo church Quemchi those of Tenaún, San Juan and Dalcahue Dalcahue in those of Caguach, Achao and Quinchao Quinchao in the Castro, Nercón, Rilán Shilling and Castro, the Vilupulli and Chonchi Chonchi and of Aldachildo, Ichuac and Detif in Puqueldón.
Also in this area are the O'Higgins Lake, the deepest of America and fifth in the world with 836 meters deep; in the fields of ice, the glacier Pio XI (or Brüggen), the longest in the southern hemisphere outside Antarctica and Puerto Williams, the southernmost city in the world. On the other hand, several studies have located the oldest archaeological remains of the current Chilean mainland in Monte Verde, Region of Los Lagos, about 800 a. C., at the end of the Upper Paleolithic, making it the first known human settlement in America.
The lake resorts of the southern zone welcome domestic tourists in the festival season. Two of them, Pucon and Puerto Varas, were considered among the best destinations in South America in 2012.
Insular Destinations of Chile and Polynesia
Easter Island - Rapa Nui
In the Pacific Ocean is Easter Island, called Rapa Nui traditionally previously known as Te Pito o Te Henua ( 'the navel of the world') and Mata ki te rangi ( 'eyes looking at the sky'), It is one of the top tourist destinations in Chile because of its natural landscapes and mysterious ancient culture of Rapa Nui ethnicity, since time immemorial, was developed completely isolated for centuries until it almost became extinct in the mid-nineteenth century. His most notable vestige corresponds to the huge statues known as moai. To preserve these characteristics, the government administered through the National Forestry Corporation (CONAF) the Rapa Nui National Park, while UNESCO declared this park as a World Heritage Site in 1995.
Easter Island is of volcanic origin and is composed of three coalescing volcanoes. These three main volcanoes are Terevaka, Poike and Rano Kau. The arrangement of these volcanoes and have suffered severe erosion that give the island its triangular shape. The Terevaka volcano dominates in terms of volume and surface. In prehistoric times Poike used to be an island apart until the lavas Terevaka joined to the main island. Apart from these three main volcanoes and there are several smaller volcanic landforms volcanoes crater Rano Raraku, the cinder cone Puna Pau and many volcanic caves including lava tubes.
Among the activities that can be carried out in Rapa Nui are various excursions and tours, visit the craft market, the Father Sebastian Englert Anthropological Museum, the Centro Ceremonial Tahai, quarries Puna Pau and Rano Raraku, different Ahus, beaches Anakena and Ovahe, the archaeological site of Orongo, attend shows with island music and dances, and the Annual Festival Tapati Rapa Nui, the main artistic and cultural activity of the island, where a series of ceremonies and traditions is performed .
Tourist Attractions of Rapa Nui National Park
The Moai (statues) and ahu (altars) constructed with volcanic rock by the ancient inhabitants of the island, Rapa Nui. There are also villages and cave art.
Volcano Rano Kau, Rano Raraku and Rano Aroi; the second has several moai half-finished, as it was a quarry. In the three water tanks are the only ones on the island.
Diving as the clear waters allow you to see the diversity of fish and coral reefs.
Chilean Antarctic Territory or Chilean Antarctic
The Antarctic Territory or Chilean Antarctic Chilean are the names given to a sector of Antarctica, also called "Antarctic" in the country, between the meridians 53 ° W and 90 ° W. The area, which partially overlaps with the areas claimed by Argentina (Antarctic Argentina between the meridians 53 ° W and 74 ° W south of 60 ° S) and the UK (British Antarctic Territory, between the meridians 53 ° W and 80 ° W south of the same parallel ), it is claimed by the Republic of Chile as part of its territory.
Chilean Antarctica or Chilean Antarctic Territory are all lands, islands, islets, reefs glaciers (pack-ice), and others known and unknown, and respective territorial waters, existing within the limits of the cap constituted by the meridians 53º longitude west of Greenwich and 90 degrees longitude west of Greenwich.
Administratively the area is part of the Comuna Antarctica, one of the two communes of the Province of Chilean Antarctica, which, in turn, is part of the Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica.
The Chilean Antarctic Territory covers an area of 257.6 km² 1250, equivalent to more than 60% of the total Chilean surface, which is covered in its entirety, except for minor coastal areas, with a thick layer of ice and snow, which can exceed 1200 meters deep in some areas of the interior of the continent.
Winter Tourism in Chile
From June to September you can practice winter sports in Chile, mainly skiing and snowboarding. Throughout the Andes, between the regions of Valparaiso and Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica, there are eighteen ski resorts of international quality, as Portillo, the oldest ski resort in South America and home to the World Ski Championships Alpine 1966 and Valle Nevado, which boasts one of the largest ski areas in South America.
As part of the Cultural Patrimony of Chile, there are buildings, objects and sites of an archaeological nature, architecture, handicraft, artistic, ethnographic, folklore, historical, religious or technological scattered throughout the Chilean territory. Among them, those goods are declared World Heritage Site by Unesco, in accordance with the provisions of the Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972, ratified by Chile in 1980. These sites of cultural interest are:
The Rapa Nui National Park, comprising just over 40% of the area of Easter Island, and was created in 1966. It covers 7130 hectares and was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in December 1995. The Rapa Nui National Park acquired this category January 16, 1935 by DS n. ° 103 of the Ministry of Lands and Settlement, the same year by decree no. 4536 of July 23 National Historic Monument is declared.
Historic District of the Port City of Valparaiso
Valparaiso is a Chilean town and commune located in the central coast of mainland Chile. It is the capital of the region and of the homonymous province. Along with other neighboring towns (as Vina del Mar, Concón, Quilpué and Villa Alemana) is part of the Greater Metropolitan Area of Valparaiso, with this community the historic center.
The city of Valparaiso is the seat of the National Congress, the Commander in Chief of the Chilean Navy and other public services and state institutions at the national level as the Council for Culture and the Arts, the Undersecretary of Fisheries, services customs and Fisheries and Aquaculture. Its port terminal is one of the largest in the South Pacific. The city has 4 universities of traditional calls: the Catholic University of Valparaiso, the Playa Ancha, Valparaiso and the Federico Santa María.
Valparaiso is in the form of a large natural amphitheater, being located in a bay surrounded by hills, where most of the population lives. Between the foot of the hills and the sea the city plan, administrative, commercial and financial center is formed; while bordemar is occupied by the port
The particular geographic distribution of Valparaiso, where the hills invade the coast, causes the vision from hill to sea is remarkable. Therefore, places like Mirador Portales, Viewpoint Hope, O'Higgins Viewpoint, Viewpoint Merchant Marine Walk May 21, Paseo Yugoslav, Paseo Gervasoni, Paseo Atkinson and Paseo Dimalow are ideal when it comes to see a panoramic overview of the port city .
During the New Year holidays, many of these strolls viewpoint are visited by tourists late in the morning, everything to have a privileged view of the fireworks; just as there are routes between the oldest hills of the city (Cerros Alegre and Concepción), in which, in addition to providing the English colonial architecture of its houses and churches of the early nineteenth century, tourists can delve into museums contemporary, gardens and small squares, hidden between houses and balconies and a singular magic that ranges between neighborhoods and hills viewpoints.
Not only viewpoints and elevators the port lives; around their hills and the Almendral Plan there are several museums to know and admire, among which are: the Naval Museum (whose entrance is in the middle of the Craft Fair 21 de Mayo) and Sea, the Sea Museum Lord Thomas Cochrane, the Baburizza Palace, seat of the Museum of Fine Arts in the city, the Mirador Casona de Lukas, the Museum of the Clown and the Puppet, the Casa Museo La Sebastiana, one of the large houses of the legendary Chilean poet Pablo Neruda and Museum of Natural History and Municipal Gallery of Art, among others.
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Ofices
Saltpeter Works Santiago Humberstone and Santa Laura are two former saltpeter, currently the best known are administered by the Corporation Museo del Salitre and declared National Monuments and Cultural Heritage. They are located in the town of Pozo Almonte, Tarapaca Region, Chile.
Located 47 kilometers east of the city of Iquique, they are national monuments and since July 17, 2005, are World Heritage of Unesco and are included on the List of World Heritage in danger. Both saltpeter, although originally worked separately, are now the main reflection of the period of splendor and contrasts the region who lived between the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century.
Main Attractions of Humberstone and Santa Laura
Humberstone and Santa Laura, are now some of the main tourist landmarks of the region of Tarapaca province Tamarugal in Chile. Most buildings in central Humberstone, as its huge theater, church and store, are wholly or partly made of wood imported Oregon pine. Another important fact is the contrast between the large administrative buildings and owners with small houses of the workers of pampinos. , With water, electricity and sewerage in Humberstone households by status within the company (married and unmarried employed, professional and working) were given.
Santa Laura notable for its huge fireplace visible from a great distance, for his "machine", Douglas fir and iron, where cauldrons were interesting and offices and buildings, such as the crusher, the powerhouse; administration, square, among others.
Sewell Mining City
Sewell was a Chilean mining town, located in the Andes. Now it belongs to the commune of Machalí, and is located 150 km south of Santiago and 64 km from the city of Rancagua. It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 2006, by its incalculable historical and cultural value for Chile and the world.
This mining town nestled in the slope of the Andes, is located about 2140 meters above sea level on the slopes of Black Mountain. It is located 53 km east of Rancagua. One of its main features is the absence of streets. The "main street", for example, consists of a grand staircase, where there is access to Sewell. The original village, now only remains the center of the city, as much was dismantled and demolished in early 1980. It is possible to visit the city in tourist tours that leave from Rancagua.
The importance that this complex had during the twentieth century, and geographical characteristics of the place in which they are inserted, have allowed Sewell receives different distinctions at national and international levels. It was declared a national monument in category Typical Zone by Decree No. 857 of August 27, 1998.
The July 13, 2006, the town of Sewell, owned by Codelco, was appointed by the World Heritage Committee of Unesco, meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania, as a World Heritage Site, standing as an "outstanding example of global phenomenon workers 'cities'.
Map of Chile