North America Travel and Tourist Guide
Tourism in Canada
15 Top Destinations and Main Tourist Attractions in Canada
Best Places to visit in Canada
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Canada Vacation and Travel Guide
Canada's main tourist attraction is natural spaces. Due to its enormous extension, the country has a varied topography and important climatic differences, which provides a very diverse flora and fauna. It has an extensive coastline, to the east, north and west, and since the last glacial period has eight regions of different forests, including a large area of taiga on the Canadian Shield.
The immensity and variety of Canada's geography, ecology, vegetation and relief have given rise to a wide variety of climates throughout the country. Because of its large size, Canada has more lakes than any other country, so it also contains much of the world's freshwater, along with its freshwater-containing glaciers in the Rocky Mountains and Coastal Mountains.
Much of the country's tourism is centered in the following regions: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver/Whistler, Niagara Falls, Vancouver Island, Canadian Rockies, British Columbias Okanagan Valley, and the national capital region Ottawa. The large cities are known for their culture, diversity, as well as the many national parks and historic sites.
Visa Policy of Canada
A foreign national wishing to enter Canada must obtain a temporary resident visa from one of the Canadian diplomatic missions unless he or she holds a passport issued by one of the 51 eligible visa exempt countries and territories or proof of permanent residence in the United States.
All visa exempt travelers except Americans to Canada are required to obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) when arriving Canada by air since 10 November 2016. Applications of visitor visas, work permits, study permits and certain types of permanent residency can be lodged online.
World Heritage Sites in Canada
There are 17 World Heritage sites in Canada, including one of the oldest, Nahanni National Park, Northwest Territories, and one of the newest, the Red Bay Basque Whaling Station, Newfoundland and Labrador. Of these 17 sites, 8 of them are Cultural Heritages and 9 are Natural Heritages.
Ontario is the most populous and second largest province in Canada. Southern Ontario is home to the Nation's capital, Ottawa and Canada's largest city, Toronto, which is the provincial capital and one of the most multicultural cities in the world.
Top Tourist Attractions in Ontario
Ontario Tourist Routes, Science North and Dynamic Earth in Sudbury, Ontario Niagara Falls, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Marineland, Muskoka Lakes, Algonquin Park, Fallsview Indoor Water Park, an indoor park in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Fort Henry, Kingston's Old Town, Upper Canada Village, The Thousand Islands, Boldt Castle, Stratford Festival, Shaw Festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Pelee Island.
Niagara Falls are famed both for its beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. Balancing recreational, commercial, and industrial uses has been a challenge for the stewards of the falls since the 19th century.
The forests and numerous lakes of Central Ontario and Northern Ontario also provide popular hiking and camping destinations. The CN Tower is a major tourist attraction in Toronto.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR).
Ottawa is the most educated city in Canada and is home to a number of post-secondary, research, and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, and numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in the nation
Top Tourist Attractions in Ottawa
Parliament Hill, National War Memorial, Rideau Canal, National Art Gallery, Chateau Laurier, ByWard Market, Canadian War Museum, Canadian Aviation Museum, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canadian Museum of History, Canadian Museum of Science and Technology, Canada Agriculture Museum, TD Place Stadium, Canadian Tire Centre.
Toronto is the most populous city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario. It is the centre of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), the most populous metropolitan area in Canada, and anchors the Golden Horseshoe, a heavily urbanized region that is home of about the 26% of the population of Canada.
Top Tourist Attractions in Toronto
Rogers Centre (formerly SkyDome), Fort York, Air Canada Centre, Hockey Hall of Fame, CN Tower, Ontario Place, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto Eaton Centre, St. Lawrence Market, Queen Street West, Bata Shoe Museum, Art Gallery of Ontario, Kensington Market, Casa Loma, Ontario Science Centre, Toronto Zoo, Canada's Wonderland,
Quebec, a majority francophone province, is a major tourist draw. The two largest cities in Quebec are Montreal and Quebec City which is a taste of old France in the new world and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Quebec's French heritage sets the province apart from the most of Canada and the United States, as well as Mexico. The province has preserved its Francophone culture with a European feel. It is the largest province in Canada with three times as much area as France. It borders on the United States to the south and Ontario to the west. Over 90% of its territory is made up of the Canadian Shield. Most of its population lives in the area surrounding the St. Lawrence River in what is commonly called the St. Lawrence Lowlands. The Appalachian Mountains occupy the southern portion of Quebec.
Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'.
The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and La Citadelle, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
The second largest francophone city in the world, has several tourist attractions, including: Olympic Stadium, Juste pour rire, Old Montreal, Festival International de Jazz de Montréal, Opéra de Montréal, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, McCord Museum, Crescent Street, St. Lawrence Boulevard, Canadian Grand Prix, McGill University, Mount Royal, Parc Jean-Drapeau, Underground city, Montreal, Biosphère, Redpath Museum, Canadian Centre for Architecture, a Ronde, Saint Joseph's Oratory, Underground City, Sites of interest in Quebec City, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Musée de la civilisation, Musée de l'Amérique française, Espace Félix Leclerc, Musée naval de Québec, Choco-Musée Erico, Musée des Ursulines de Québec, Musée du Royal 22e Régiment/La Citadelle de Québec, Musée de l'Abeille, Plains of Abraham Exhibition Centre, Parc Aquarium du Québec, Jardin zoologique du Québec, Château Frontenac, Other sites of interest in Quebec, Canyon Sainte-Anne.
Tourism in British Columbia
British Columbia is Canada's westernmost province and touches the Pacific Ocean. The winters in the coastal areas are relatively warm in comparison to the rest of Canada. British Columbia is divided into 6 regions: Vancouver, Coast & Mountains, Thompson Okanagan, Cariboo Coast Chilcotin, Northern British Columbia, Kootenay Rockies and Vancouver Island.
British Columbia (BC) is Canada's most mountainous province and has some of the most spectacular mountain scenery in the world. Alpine skiing is a major draw for the province. The province has about 33 large ski resorts spread out from Vancouver Island to the Alberta border. Whistler, British Columbia, nestled in the rugged Coast Mountains, is consistently ranked as the #1 ski resort destination in North America and co-hosted the 2010 Winter Olympic Games.
Whale watching is common along the coastal areas of BC as is Pacific storm watching along the west coast of Vancouver Island during the winter months.
Wine tours are common in the Okanagan Valley, BC's wine and orchard country. The Okanagan valley area has some of the best beaches and warmest summer temperatures in Canada, as well as Canada's only hot desert around the town of Osoyoos. There are 53 golf courses and two major ski resorts in the valley.
British Columbia is also a popular location for the production of many Hollywood films, it is the third largest film centre in North America only trailing California and New York.
The largest Canadian metropolitan area west of Toronto, is one of Canada's most multi-cultural cities. There is a large community of people of Asian origin. Vancouver is a harbour city and provides beautiful landscapes of mountains and ocean.
Top Tourist Attractions in Vancouver
- Victoria, British Columbia, located on scenic Vancouver Island, is a major Canadian tourist destination attracting millions of visitors each year. Popular activities for tourists are whale watching, enjoying the busking in the inner harbour area and visiting world-famous Butchart Gardens.
- Long Beach (Pacific Rim National Park) and the communities of Tofino and Ucluelet are popular tourist areas. Tofino, a town of only a few thousand, hosts more than one million visitors each year. Many new resorts are being built in the area to accommodate surfers, beach lovers, storm watchers and golfers.
- Capilano Suspension Bridge, a 136-metre-long (446 ft) bridge 70 m above the Capilano River
- Stanley Park, a large forested park near downtown, the largest city owned park in Canada. Eight million visitors each year.
- Granville Island, a small island near downtown with a public market, marina, shopping and theaters.
- Chinatown, Vancouver, one of the largest in North America.
- Robson Street, a bustling upscale shopping district with a good selection of restaurants.
- Gastown, a mix of tourist-oriented businesses, restaurants and nightclubs.
- Vancouver Art Gallery
- Vancouver Maritime Museum
- Museum of Anthropology at UBC
- Vancouver Museum
- Science World at Telus World of Science
- Vancouver is home to the BC Lions, Canadian Football League, Vancouver Canucks, National Hockey League, Vancouver Whitecaps FC and Major League Soccer.
Alberta is a province in Canada's western prairies next to the Rocky Mountains. Its two major cities are Calgary, and Edmonton, the provincial capital.
Edmonton is well known for West Edmonton Mall, the largest mall in North America, formerly the largest in the world. Edmonton is also known as Canada's festival city, with over 60 festivals happening year round. Edmonton is home to the area of Old Strathcona, a historical district with boutique shopping, music, arts, and many restaurants.
Another world-class attraction is the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology in Drumheller, housing the largest collection of dinosaur fossils under one roof in the world. Alberta also contains significant natural scenery, including 5 of Canada's 17 UNESCO World heritage sites.
These are Banff and Jasper National Parks, Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, Wood Buffalo National Park, Dinosaur Provincial Park and Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. In the southeast, Alberta shares with Saskatchewan the Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park, a geographic region of importance both to aboriginal history and to the North-West Mounted Police. Alberta has no provincial sales tax.
Alberta is an important skiing destination for tourists. It has several world-class ski resorts. Canada Olympic Park, with its downhill ski and ski jumping facilities, is located in the city of Calgary.
Tourism in Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan offers two major cities, Regina and Saskatoon. Regina is home to one of Canada's most significant attractions, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Academy at Depot Division where visitors can view the Sergeant Major's Parade held weekdays and the seasonal Sunset Retreat Ceremonies. Regina is also home to the RCMP Heritage Centre which opened in May 2007. Saskatoon is home to the largest branch of the Western Development Museum, which houses important artefacts and recreations of the early settlement of the Canadian prairies.
The prairie province also has the most golf courses and water bodies per capita of any other province. Statistically the warmest summers with the most sunlight hours in Canada occur in Saskatoon. Natural attractions include Cypress Provincial Park, the Great Sand Hills, Scottie the Dinosaur (the largest intact Tyrannosaurus Rex found in North America).
Tourism in Manitoba
Manitoba is home to many lakes and rivers with over 14.5% of the land area covered by lakes. This offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation, hunting, fishing, boating, and some of the finest beaches in North America. The province is a four-season travel destination offering cross-country and downhill skiing opportunities, as well as many miles of groomed ski-doo trails. Churchill on the Hudson Bay is a popular attraction due to the large polar bear and beluga whale population.
The capital city Winnipeg, with a population of near 700 000, offers many cultural and artistic events, museums and year-round festivals. Other cities with more than 10,000 people are Brandon, Thompson, Portage la Prairie, Selkirk and Steinbach.
Top Tourist Attractions in Winnipeg
Assiniboine Park and Zoo, Costume Museum of Canada, Fort Gibraltar, La Maison Gabrielle Roy, Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum, Dalnavert Museum, Louis Riel statue near the Manitoba legislative building, Manitoba Children's Museum, Manitoba Museum, Naval Museum of Manitoba, Royal Canadian Mint, The Fire Fighters Museum, Transcona Historical Museum, The Forks, Upper Fort Garry, Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg Railway Museum.
Winnipeg is also home to: Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League, Winnipeg Jets Of the National Hockey League, Winnipeg Goldeyes of the baseball American Association.
Other places of interest in Manitoba
Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre in Morden, Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum in Brandon, Lower Fort Garry in St. Andrews, Manitoba Agricultural Museum in Austin, Manitoba Amateur Radio Museum in Austin, Manitoba Antique Automobile Museum in Elkhorn, Marine Museum of Manitoba in Selkirk, Mennonite Heritage Village in Steinbach, New Iceland Heritage Museum in Gimli, Oak Hammock Marsh in Stonewall, Sam Waller Museum in The Pas, Festivals and Events, Festival du Voyageur held every February in Winnipeg, Folklorama held annually every August in Winnipeg, Jazz Winnipeg Festival, Red River Exhibition held annually late June in Winnipeg, Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival, Winnipeg International Writers Festival, Winnipeg Music Festival, Winnipeg Folk Festival.
Tourism in New Brunswick
New Brunswick is renowned for its sandy beaches especially along the Northumberland Strait which in summer has the warmest water north of Virginia.
Saint John, The largest city in New Brunswick and the oldest Incorporated in Canada at the mouth of the Saint John River. Steeped with history from Irish immigration to a great fire in the 19th century. The port city has numerous Victorian houses and amazing 18th and 19th century architecture in the Uptown area.
The Saint John port welcomes close to 80 cruise ships a year with sites including: The Bay of Fundy, Saint John River, Partridge Island, Reversing Falls, Market Square, Saints Rest Beach, New Brunswick Museum, Saint John Jewish Historical Museum, Prince William Street.
The province's second largest city and the recreational centre of the province.
With tourist attractions such as, Magnetic Hill Zoo, Casino New Brunswick, Magic Mountain, Tidal bore, twice daily on Petitcodiac River.
The province's capital and third largest city, is a cultural and educational centre housing the University of New Brunswick and St. Thomas University, and is filled with neighbourhoods featuring large Victorian-style homes.
Other attractions include: Cape Enrage, Kouchibouguac National Park, New Brunswick Potato Museum, Whale watching and the Confederation Bridge to Prince Edward Island are also draws.
Tourism in Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island (PEI) is the birthplace of Lucy Maude Montgomery's character, Anne of Green Gables, and a recreation of her literary home serves as a museum to the character. PEI is also famous around the world for its potato farms and rich red mud beaches.
Tourism in Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador attracts many tourists because of its icebergs and fjords. It was settled by Leif Ericsson, an Icelandic sailor, in 1000 A.D. Remains of this settlement can still be found in L'Anse aux Meadows, northern Newfoundland. Europeans settled in 1497, headed by an expedition by John Cabot.
The province's capital, St. John's, is the oldest city in North America, founded in 1497 by John Cabot. It contains many historical locations, such as Cabot Tower, receiver of the first wireless trans-Atlantic message in 1901. Steeped in a long, proud history and home to a rich, unique culture. St. John's residents are known for their hospitality, and their city is a major travel destination in Newfoundland both domestically and for foreign travellers.
In recent years, St. John's has become a popular stop for cruise ships originating from ports in Canada, the United States and Europe. The cruise industry has brought tens of thousands of tourists to the St. John's area. In the city's downtown core, George Street, renowned for its nightlife, is home to the most bars and pubs per square foot in North America.
Just outside St. John's lies Cape Spear, the most eastern point in North America. From this point, London in the UK is closer than Vancouver.
Is known for its lovely scenery; most renowned is the Cape Breton Highlands. The historic 18th century Fortress Louisbourg is also a major draw.
The provincial capital, has several major attractions, such as the Pier 21 museum, Citadel Hill, and the Public Gardens. The Halifax Metro Centre is home to numerous events both sport-related and otherwise, such as the Nova Scotia International Tattoo. Downtown Halifax is considered the prime tourism district in Halifax, with most historic attractions located here as well as the waterfront harbourwalk, a continuous 3 km (2 mi) stretch of boardwalk home to street vendors, entertainers, the Casino Nova Scotia, and the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Downtown Halifax is also the location of several major hotels.
With its history of the Klondike Gold Rush, First Nations culture and spectacular wilderness, the Yukon Territory has an extensive tourism industry, welcoming over 300,000 visitors a year.
Tourist attractions include the gold rush town of Dawson City, Kluane National Park and Reserve and a number of attractions in Whitehorse and other communities. Opportunities for wilderness adventure tourism and ecotourism abound (hiking, canoeing, kayaking, skiing, dog-sledding), but the territory is also served by a well-developed road network, with most places accessible by road.
Tourism in Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories attractions include: Aurora Borealis, Northern Life Museum, N.W.T. Mining Heritage Society, Wood Buffalo National Park, Tuktut Nogait National Park, Nahanni National Park Reserve, South Nahanni River, Canol Heritage Trail, Aulavik National Park, Coppermine River, and Mackenzie River.
Tourism in Nunavut
Nunavut is probably the most expensive of all the tourist destinations in Canada. Attractions in Nunavut include: Auyuittuq National Park, Quttinirpaaq National Park, Sirmilik National Park, kkusiksalik National Park, Ovayok Territorial Park.