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Argentina Travel and Tourist Guide
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Republic of Argentina, known simply as Argentina, is located in the extreme south and southeast of the South American continent.
It organized republican, representative and federal mode, it is made up of 24 states, 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires, capital and seat of the Federal Government.
For its 2,780,400 square kilometers, Argentina is the largest Spanish speaking country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, fourth in the continent and eighth in the world, considering only the land area subject to effective sovereignty.
Argentina is endowed with a vast territory with a variety of climates, natural wonders, culture, customs and famous international cuisines, a high degree of development, quality of life and well-prepared infrastructure.
Primarily for its beautiful scenery and its Cultural Heritage Argentina is receiving massive amounts of tourists: The Argentine territory stretches from the highest peaks of the Andes in the west to the great rivers and extensive beaches and cliffs of the Argentine Sea the East; from the rainforest of the Yungas north to the valleys, glaciers, lakes and cold forests of the Andean Patagonia in the south to Antarctica. The huge distances required in most cases air travel. The jungle of Misiones, Argentine Yungas and parts of the Andean Patagonia Argentina are scientifically considered extensive areas of biodiversity hotspots worldwide.
The rich biodiversity and wealth of diverse landscapes and climates with the flatter plains of the world contrasting with the highest mountains outside of Asia, or the warm tropical climates contrasting landscapes, a huge gradient of microclimates with polar climates or most fertile areas of extensive grasslands also contrasted with plethoric extensive desert areas of landforms by running annually extensive and extreme race Dakar rally, high ridges, hills and the pleasant temperate pampas Atlantic beaches with its extensive coastlines make Argentina one motley country where several countries appear together harmoniously (fertile temperate, desert, forest cold, warm tropical and subtropical jungle, glaciers areas, cold forest, sea cliffs, estuaries, etc.).
The country presents the entire range of possible climates: mild, warm, dry, warm wet, dry cold, wet, semi-arid steppe, subantarctic, subtropical cold, snowy, cold mountain, and a huge variety of microclimates.
Foreign tourists mainly from Brazil, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Mexico, Bolivia, Ecuador, Uruguay, Venezuela and Paraguay and Europeans from Spain, Italy, France, Germany, United Kingdom and Switzerland.
Top Destinations in Argentina
Buenos Aires also called Capital Federal for hosting the federal government is a twenty-four federal agencies and the capital of Argentina. It is located in the central-eastern region, on the western bank of the Rio de la Plata, in full pampas.
Buenos Aires offers a wide cultural activity, it is considered mainly for its architecture, the "Paris of America". Travelers usually choose a night visit to the premises where tango and a walk to a typical dance stay (in the province of Buenos Aires), to taste the traditional roast. In recent years, new themed tours, including many dedicated to important personalities such as Carlos Gardel, Eva Perón or Jorge Luis Borges emerged. It also has numerous shopping malls (shopping), among which include the Alto Palermo, Paseo Alcorta, Patio Bullrich, Abasto de Buenos Aires and Galerias Pacifico.
Main Attractions of the City of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the most visited city in all of South America. The most important sights are in the historic center of the city, industry practically formed by the districts of Monserrat and San Telmo. The city began to be built around the Plaza Mayor (now Plaza de Mayo), and the administrative institutions of the Cologne were installed in the area. East of the square can be seen the Casa Rosada, seat of the Executive Power of Argentina, in whose place formerly was the Fort. To the north of the Metropolitan Cathedral Plaza, which occupies the same place from the colony, and the building of the Banco de la Nacion Argentina is whose land was originally owned by Juan de Garay. Another important colonial institution was the Cabildo, located to the west, which is not preserved in its original form as part of the structure was demolished for the opening of the Avenue of May and diagonal Julio A. Roca.
To the south was formerly the National Congress, where now the National Academy of History is observed. And finally, towards the northwest we can see the Chief of Government of the City, moving towards the Avenida de Mayo.
Avenida de Mayo is considered Civic Axis, since it links the Casa Rosada with the Congress Palace, headquarters of the Executive and the Legislature, respectively. By this avenue some buildings of great cultural, architectural and historical interest can be observed: they are installed the Casa de la Cultura, the Palacio Barolo and Café Tortoni, among others. Under this avenue runs the subway Line A of Buenos Aires which when opened in 1913 became the first in Latin America.
At the end of the artery you can observe a set of squares decorated with several monuments and sculptures, among which is a signed copy of Rodin's Thinker. In the vicinity of these places are the Palace of Congress and the building of the Confectionery El Molino.
In the historic center of Buenos Aires you can also visit the Manzana de las Luces. There are lodged several buildings with great historical value, such as the San Ignacio Church and the headquarters of the National College of Buenos Aires. In apple hidden tunnels through the city during the colonial era and it can also traversed the building where the city council from 1894 to 1931 can be observed.
In the San Telmo you can visit the Plaza Dorrego, where every Sunday the famous Antiques Fair is installed. Also in the vicinity several antique shops are located and a Jesuit complex formed by the Church of Our Lady of Bethlem, the Parish of San Pedro Telmo and the Penitentiary Museum "Antonio Ballve". The area is also the National Historical Museum and Lezama Park, where they were housed several sculptures and monuments.
In the neighborhood of Recoleta are a lot of tourist sites and many also have a high cultural value. There can be found the headquarters of the National Museum of Fine Arts, the National Library, the Recoleta Cultural Center, the Faculty of Law of the University of Buenos Aires, the Basilica of Our Lady of Pilar, the Palais de Glace, the Bar La Biela and Recoleta Cemetery, where are housed the remains of several heroes and prominent figures of the country.
In Puerto Madero can see several of apartment towers built between the late 1990s and early twenty-first century. In the area can visit the former Hotel of Immigrants, the museum Frigate President Sarmiento, the Bridge of the Woman and the ship-museum Uruguay Corvette.
In the neighborhood of Retiro can visit the station of the same name, and visit several monuments and landmarks of the city such as the monuments to the Fallen in the Falklands War and the General San Martin; and the Monumental Tower and Kavanagh Building.
The Malba is located in the district of Palermo, and is one of the largest in the country. They are also in this neighborhood Bosques de Palermo, where you can visit the Planetarium and the Buenos Aires Zoo.
Another tourist site for its cultural importance is the Avenida Corrientes. There you can find in a lot of theaters like the Teatro San Martin, and a host of interesting places as Paseo La Plaza and Estadio Luna Park. At the intersection of this avenue with Avenida 9 de Julio is the Obelisk, an emblem of the City of Buenos Aires. It was also installed in this avenue the Mercado de Abasto, which now has been converted into a shopping center.
One of the towers that stand in the City of Buenos Aires is the Space Tower, 220 meters (the tallest building in the city), located in the southern part of the city, within the Amusement Park of the City of Buenos Aires207 208 and built in 1980.
Near the center of the city is the colorful La Boca, which is an emblem of the immigrants. It is one of the most visited by tourists, although it lacks the security and infrastructure of other important areas. Among its main attractions is the Caminito, all the legacy of Quinquela Martin in the town of Vuelta de Rocha, its artists, its museums, theaters, the stadium of Boca Juniors 'La Bombonera' walk. Its boulevard and harbor stroll, the old transporter bridge early twentieth century, its typical tenement buildings.
Iguazu Falls (Iguazu National Park)
Iguazu Falls (Portuguese: Cataratas do Iguaçu) is located on the Iguazu River on the border between Argentina province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Parana. They are fully inserted in protected areas; the sector of Argentina is located within the Iguazu National Park, while the portion of Brazil is at the Iguazu National Park.
Iguazu Falls were chosen as one of the "Seven Natural Wonders of the World."
They consist of 275 falls, 80% of them are located on the Argentine side. A show apart is his jump higher flow and 80 m, also the highest: the Devil's Throat, which can be enjoyed in all its majesty from just 50 m, walking the runways leaving from Puerto Canoas, which you get to use the service of ecological trains. For this jump passes the border between the two countries. They can take boat rides under the waterfalls and hiking trails appreciating some semitropical jungle animals belonging to phytogeographical district of Mixed Forests of fitogeográfica Paranaense province.
Area subtropical jungle, water falls are best known throughout the region and its tourist exploitation has good infrastructure development, and with very different walks. It is National Park area where the original flora and fauna are preserved. His most impressive jump is called Devil's Throat. Other important are called Dos Hermanas, Bosetti or Alvar Nunez, in honor of its discoverer, Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca.
The Iguazu Falls are the main tourist center of northeastern Argentina, and one of the main nationwide.
In 1984 the Argentine sector of the falls, Iguazu National Park was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Later, in 1986, the sector in Brazil, located in the Iguazu National Park, was also declared a World Heritage Site.
In the Argentine park is the Hotel Sheraton Iguazú (formerly Hotel International Falls), which has a panoramic view of the Garganta del Diablo and Brazilian falls. Near the falls, it is the city of Puerto Iguazu Argentina, at the confluence of the Iguazu and Parana rivers. There lies the triple border with Paraguay.
In Niagara Falls, the rides are mostly on the Argentine side, but from the Brazilian side you have a panoramic view.
Lower Promenade: Starting from the viewpoint that reminds her figure to a lighthouse and stands out from the environment by its white color, is down by numerous stairways (some were carved into the rock) to the Iguazu River and passes through a beautiful footpath. Surrounded by the lush jungle you can enjoy a beautiful view of the bottom of the falls.
Beginning the visit in the jump Lanusse and going through that of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, one arrives at a splendid vantage point from where you have a first view of the Garganta del Diablo. Going further Island San Martin is observed and on the right the eponymous jump. At the end of the trail is the Bosetti jump.
There the water vapor produced by the shock of water against the rocks is a faint but incessant rain. It down the path towards Punta Danger may, if it is currently enabled, navigate the Iguazu River and cross to the island San Martin. Once back you pass through the jump Dos Hermanas, where before you could enjoy a refreshing dip in the huge natural pool formed at the base, and now that activity is prohibited.
Paseo Superior: Starting from the same aforementioned site is traversed, as the name indicates the ride, the top of the waterfalls. The observation point from a higher level completely changes the view of the landscape. It is practically at your feet despeñarse turbulent aguas.De thus visiting the jump Dos Hermanas, the Bosetti, Chico, which is a small preview of the impressive Devil's Throat again. On this site, where the water falls from about 70 meters high, it surprised the deafening roar of the water, permanently covered by thick columns of steam, bouncing water hammer with rocks.
Garganta del Diablo: A Devil's Throat is accessed through Train Falls, descending on the Garganta del Diablo Station. From there a walk along the new walkway, which winds between the islands is done, runs 1,100 meters to the large balconies located along the front edge and the Garganta del Diablo. The duration of this walk is 2 hours and the last train leaves at 16:30 h.
Saint Martin: It is possible to reach the Saint Martin through boat service leaving from the lower circuit. From here you can see a panoramic view of the Garganta del Diablo, the window (with its roosting vultures) and jump San Martin.
Macuco Trail: This trail trekking is one of the traditional outlets for those who love watching nature. An old logging minced 3600 m long and jungle environment. This trail provides access to a cascade of 20 m in the jungle. It is an opportunity to learn jungle, spotting Macucos, platirrinos monkeys as cai or howler monkey, coatis, wild turkeys, countless insects and occasionally coral snakes.
City of Colonial architecture with great tourist tours can be made from other turístisticos points as Quebrada de San Lorenzo, Valles Calchaquíes, Dique Cabra Corral (General Belgrano dam), Cafayate, Salinas Grandes, Iruya (required by the Quebrada de Humahuaca step and Purmamarca) Cachi (through the bishop Slope), Molinos, La Caldera, Los Cardones national Park, El Rey national Park or Baritú national Park, Termas de Rosario de la Frontera. It leaves from the city center Train to the Clouds; this particular train ride through the area of the Puna, an almost desert plateau, with huge contrasts in its route that goes up the slopes of the Andes, located in the province of Salta. service is temporarily interrupted in July 2005 for repairs, reactivated quickly. Currently, the final destination is the town of San Antonio de los Cobres.
Accommodation is mainly in the provincial capital where they can be purchased very easily different tours (which take place in the day) to all parts of the province; even to the Quebrada de Humahuaca or Hill of the seven colors in Purmamarca (Jujuy Province) previously visiting the city of San Salvador de Jujuy (provincial capital) or the ruins of Quilmes (55 km from Cafayate) in the province of Tucuman return back in the day to the city of Salta for overnight.
Perito Moreno Glacier
The Perito Moreno Glacier is located in front of the Magallanes peninsula, south of the National Park, about 80 km from the village El Calafate, as far as can be reached by plane from Comandante Armando Tola International Airport or via Terrestra by Provincial route 11. El Calafate is 320 km northwest of the provincial capital, Rio Gallegos. Located in an area surrounded by forests and mountains, it lies within the Los Glaciares National Park, recognized as such in 1937, in Santa Cruz Province in southern Argentina. This park of 724 000 ha, has a total of 356 glaciers.
The Perito Moreno Glacier is a thick mass of ice located in the Department Lago Argentino of the province of Santa Cruz, in the southwest of Argentina, in the Patagonia region. This glacier originates from the Southern Patagonian Ice Field. In its descent, it reaches the southern branch of Lake Argentino, with a front of 5 km in length, surfacing on the water with a height of 60 m.
Thanks to its steady advance, dam waters Rico arm of the lake, which creates a gap with the rest of the lake up to 30 m. Under pressure of this liquid mass leaks occur in the ice that create a tunnel with a vault of more than 50 m which eventually collapses, in a rare natural spectacle, easily presenciable by tourists, making it the most attractive Los Glaciares National Park, which integrates. Its name honors Francisco Moreno, director of the Museum of Scientific Society Argentina and active explorer of the southern part of that country.
Perito Moreno Glacier part of the Southern Ice Field is a huge glacier that bisects the Argentino lake and cyclically locks until the breaking of the ice plug occurs. It is located in the Los Glaciares National Park near the still small (though highly developed) patagónicaargentina city of El Calafate. In any season continuous landslides huge blocks of ice are produced from massive glaciers (only comparable to the glaciers of Antarctica and other polar glaciers) forming beautiful icebergs in the Argentine lakes, which is a natural spectacle. Perito Moreno Glacier as its neighbors is framed by a majestic landscape of rugged mountains and El Chalten and large lakes.
San Carlos de Bariloche
San Carlos de Bariloche, or simply Bariloche is a city on the Black River Province, Argentina, and is the head of the Department of Bariloche.
Bariloche is the most visited tourist destination in Patagonia and third nationally. It is Argentina's most populous city of the Patagonian Andes. It is located in the Nahuel Huapi National Park, in the southwest of the province of Black River, next to the Andes, on the southern shore of Lake Nahuel Huapi, 832 km of Viedma. Their natural reserves, including lakes, forests and mountains, and its outstanding ski resorts are the main attraction and source of income for this city. The city has been considered by some sources as the second ski destination worldwide.
Bariloche is also one of the most important scientific and technological centers of America, which houses the Bariloche Atomic Center Research, part of the National Atomic Energy Commission and the Balseiro Institute, National University of Cuyo, where he gives the race Physics and Mechanical Engineering and Nuclear. The city is the headquarters of INVAP, Argentina high-tech company that designs and builds nuclear reactors, radar and satellites, among others.
San Carlos de Bariloche is the capital of the southern lakes and part of the major tourist circuit along the Seven Lakes to Villa La Angostura. Today, thanks to investments by entrepreneurs and the municipality has a large influx of tourists throughout the year. The main activities include winter sports, fishing, windsurfing, trekking or hiking, camping in the Andean forest, sky diving, boat tours and private boats, horseback riding and scuba diving, among others. Similar activities were also carried out in San Martin de los Andes, Junin de los Andes, El Bolsón, Esquel, Trevelin, Los Antiguos, Copahue, Caviahue.
Ushuaia is the capital of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands. It was founded on October 12, 1884 by Augusto Lasserre and is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel surrounded by the Martial mountain range, in the Bay of Ushuaia. Besides being an administrative center, it is an industrial, port and tourist knot. Argentina It is the only city that lies on the other side of the Andes, seen from the rest of the country. Also, according to the classification of the seas of the International Hydrographic Organization, the only city in Argentina (and port) with coasts and waters belonging to the Pacific, although this is not openly acknowledged by the Argentine government, which formally considers the channel Beagle a bi-oceanic passage, since otherwise would contradict border treaty signed with Chile which prevent it.
Ushuaia is the southernmost city in the world, in Tierra del Fuego, typical fate of the south, attracts visitors with a very important tourist excursions, food and the feeling of being literally at the end of the world. North of the island, the city of Rio Grande is attractive for his old neighborhood of wooden houses painted or subtly varied and excellent trout fishing. Further south, it is famous railway from Ushuaia and reaches the National Park Tierra del Fuego, near the Bay Lapataia.
Cruises also offer the Beagle Channel, observing colonies of sea lions, and a visit to Faro Les Eclareurs, the beautiful Lake Fagnano (or Kami) or almost inaccessible Staten Island where The Lighthouse at the End of the World is, the landscape of Tierra del Fuego forests takes an almost magical appearance for the cover of the southern reddish foliage of dense forests fall.
Sierras de Cordoba
Sierras de Córdoba is the name given to a geographical area, and tourism, located in the northwestern fifth of the province of Cordoba, except the southwest margin of such mountains bordering the province of San Luis. Located in the center of the American continental sector of Argentina, they are characterized by mountain ranges (sierras) of medium height; the highest peak is the Cerro Champaquí (approximately 2884 m), east of Villa Dolores, form the southern end of the region of the Pampas Sierras.
In this area there are four main mountain ranges; namely from east to west: the Sierras Chicas, this chain of gentle slopes except on the western slopes of the famous Uritorco Hill extends to the north by the Sierra de Ambargasta, west, and almost parallel to the Sierra Chica and the Sierra de Ambargasta they are much more rugged Sierras Grandes and Sierras de Pocho, the Sierras Grandes continue to go south on the range called Sierra de Comechingones.
All such orographic chains extend latitudinally (running north to south) for about 490 km and longitudinally (east to west) for about 150 km without counting satellites San Luis Sierras.
From mild climate and landscapes ranging from the bucolic and wild, there are the main tourist centers: Villa General Belgrano and La Cumbrecita, resort towns with great Central European influence in the Sierras de Cordoba. Other major cities are Carlos Paz, Cosquín, La Falda, Capilla del Monte, Mina Clavero, Jesus Maria or the great salt lake Mar Chiquita. The Tourist Unit Dam is the fate of social tourism. The City of Córdoba also has a great tourist attraction, especially in valuable building of the colonial period or in their cityscapes. also it has a very good tourist infrastructure with major 5 star hotels, commercial centers of excellence, as well as highlights in the field of gastronomy and fun. The city of Cordoba is one of the most picturesque of Argentina because it has a historic center with beautiful baroque colonial architecture mixed with tall modern buildings that give the city a great tourist attraction.
Provincial Park Ischigualasto or Moon Valley (Valle de la Luna)
The Provincial Park Ischigualasto or Moon Valley is located on the northern tip of the province of San Juan, in the Department Fertile Valley, is a protected area of 275 369 ha, noted scientifically as a major reserve protects paleontological. It is the only place you can be fully exposed and perfectly differentiated all the Triassic period in complete and orderly manner. It is estimated that the geological formations of this site have between 180 and 230 million years.
Located 330 km from the city of San Juan and 80 in San Agustin del Valle Fertil, the park offers a strange landscape, where the scarcity of vegetation and more varied palette of its soil, plus the whim in the forms of mountains, make this a favorite place for tourists, both domestic and foreign. While it is a scientific place, you can go as a guided tour by private car with a guide of the Park, which performs stations or stops and explains the site visited, this trip takes about 3 hours and tours are also offered in bicycles. At its base an interpretation center, which functions as a museum as well, and has an explained route where the process is to extract a fossil and characteristics thereof are explained is installed. Inside the park Cerro Morado, old fireplace an extinct volcano, which can be up hiring a guide at the base of the park to get a great view is situated. The time of ascent is 1 h approximately.
Ischigualasto Provincial Park was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, the November 29, 2000.
The Provincial Park Ischigualasto or Valle de la Luna, offers a strange landscape, where the scarcity of vegetation and more varied palette of its soil, plus the whim in the forms of rocks (landforms) and the mountains, do be a favorite place for tourists, both domestic and foreign. This provincial park was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, is located at the northern end of the province of San Juan, is also an important paleontological center is the cause that became famous scientifically because it is the only place where you can It is fully exposed and perfectly differentiated all the Triassic period in complete and orderly manner and where the oldest fossils in the world were found. The Valle de la Luna continues in the Argentina province of La Rioja with the Talampaya National Park.
Map of Argentina