Central America Travel and Tourist Guide
16 Top Destinations in Central America - Best Places to visit in Central America
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Central America Vacation and Travel Guide
Central America is a continent that connects North America with South America. Surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
Central America is a region that offers a variety of activities and places to visit and enjoy. There are many Tourist Destinations in Central America, such as Culture Travel Destinations, Extreme Sports, Adventure Travel and Ecotourism especially, enjoying the sun and sand in places like Acapulco, Cacun or the Riviera Maya near Belize, Cozumel or lemon are ideal for scuba diving and snorkeling or enjoy the nature of the Central American rainforest and the páctica water sports such as windsurfing and kite surfing in Playa del Carmen and surf to the west coast, the Pacific.
Central America physiographically comprising the territory located in the middle latitudes of America, located between the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico and the Isthmus of Panama.
The area consists of 7 independent nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, in addition to the 5 Mexican states of Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco and Yucatan.
Central America is characterized by mild temperatures and abundant rainfall due to the proximity of the oceans on both coasts of the continent. The flora and fauna of Central America is home to species of North and South America, as well as a large number of endemic species, this diversity stems from being a transit area between two continents, two large ocean areas and a refuge during the various or because of past glaciations geographic isolation that turned the area into archipelagos. What makes Central America an ideal for the practice of adventure tourism, eco-tourism and archaeological tourism for being the place Mayan ruins.
In general all the countries of the region are rich in biodiversity: in Guatemala and El Salvador are presented good opportunities for bird watching; in Nicaragua good opportunities to observe marine species Honduras is the one with more pine forests, has the largest coral reef in the Americas and the second in the world, also has the Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano a forest with rich biodiversity, various groups ethnic and archaeological sites that are competing to be one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
Top Destinations in Central America
The Riviera Maya is a tourist area of Mexico located along the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo. Geographically it extends along the coast from the town of Puerto Morelos in the north to the town of Punta Allen south, about 130 km in length. The Riviera Maya, as a tourist destination, was created in 1999, since then it became, in one of the most important tourist destinations in Mexico and one of the most popular internationally.
Top Destinations of La Riviera Maya
It is the northernmost town in the so-called Riviera Maya. It is located 16 km south of Cancun International Airport and 32 kilometers south of Cancun.
The seaside town has a variety of hotels and restaurants with affordable prices and low density. To the north and south of the town are available just over five thousand rooms in hotels such grand resort. Off the coast of Puerto Morelos is Puerto Morelos Reef, protected area and whose shallow barrier reef National Park is located a short distance from the beaches. For the low surf, the place is ideal for windsurfing, snorkeling and diving. The town has a fishing tradition and its port facilities are the largest in the state of Quintana Roo. It features a private marina, a botanical garden, a small zoo crocodile, westward a polo field, and the area known as cenotes route.
Playa del Carmen or Carmen Beach
- Playa del Carmen is one of the most visited sites in the Riviera Maya and, in general, in southeastern Mexico. The city is a tourist destination and also a connection to other attractive mainly related to ecotourism, adventure tourism and beaches, among which are:
Xcaret eco-archaeological park 6 km south of Playa del Carmen.
- Xplor, natural adventure park located 6 km south of Playa del Carmen on one side of Xcaret.
- Cozumel, an island in front of Playa del Carmen, 45 minutes away by ferry.
- Tulum, Mayan archaeological zone located on the coast 64 km south of Playa del Carmen.
- Xel-Ha ecological park.
- Sian Ka'an Biosphere protected by SEMARNAT and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
It is the largest and most cosmopolitan city of the Riviera Maya, the city is in constant population growth and offers visitors hotels of different categories, shops, silver shops, international restaurants, entertainment, nightclubs, discos along the famous Quinta street Avenida visited by domestic and foreign tourists. Comprising about 4 kilometers long, from 1st Street to 40th Street is a pedestrian street and very safe and busy beaches, especially in the afternoons and evenings. Here most of the trade is concentrated, from craft shops and souvenirs to restaurants, bars and nightclubs. From Constituyentes Avenue, locals have called, unofficially, Fifth Avenue as the New Quinta; since it is the new part and bohemian atmosphere of this important tourist destination. It also has its hotel area called Playacar, which is where the higher rated hotels, shopping centers, residential areas, aviary and the golf course, from there you can travel to the island of Cozumel, famous ferris addressing.
Exclusive tourist and residential development with a high level of privacy and a warm and hospitable nautical atmosphere. In addition to being the most comprehensive marine Yucatan Peninsula, also it has beaches and a golf course. Within the same development we find hotels, golf and tennis club, beach club, school, shopping area and museum, shops, restaurants and bars. This place offers a number of activities both for those who seek rest and enjoy nature and for those who crave enter the nautical world and explore the resources that nature gave to this place or just to make this paradise, instead of residence and enjoy with your family in a beautiful and safe place.
Archaeological site of breathtaking beauty on the shores of the Caribbean Sea, bathed in turquoise waters. It was an old commercial port and walled Mayan city. The town has a good and varied choice of hotels and restaurants. To the west are various cenotes and ruins of Coba are located about 40 km away.
It is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Mayan culture, located in southeastern Mexico, in the territory now occupied by the state of Quintana Roo, about ninety kilometers east of Chichén Itzá and forty northwest of Tulum. Other researchers authors of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, however, offer slightly different translations at the end Coba, among which may be mentioned 'water chachalacas' because cob is the name of that bird in the region; 'Tooth gopher', also from coh maya 'tooth' and bah 'gopher'; or 'plenty of water' cob 'abundance' and 'ha' water.
Biosphere Reserve Sian Ka'an
The Biosphere Reserve Sian Ka'an (Mayan language: Gate of Heaven, where the sky is born) is a protected area that is located on the Caribbean coast of Quintana Roo (Mexico). It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1987.
Other Top Destinations of Central America are
Ambergris Caye - Belize
Ambergris Caye is the largest island in Belize, a country located in the northeast corner of Central America its capital is Belmopan and largest city is Belize City. It bordered to the north Mexico and to the west and south by Guatemala.
Ambergris Caye Island is located in the northeast of the country near the border with Mexico in the Caribbean Sea and belongs administratively to Belize District, covers an area of about 8 square kilometers and is home to about 2000 people, concentrated in the largest town, located in the San Pedro del Mar extreocasional, the second largest barrier reef in the world which is also a popular tourist destination in 1996 merited classification as Unesco world Heritage majority and is a protected habitat very famous.
Puntarenas - Costa Rica
The province of Puntarenas in Costa Rica has a great natural attraction that makes the region a pole receiver of foreign and domestic tourists. There are numerous landscapes formed by long beaches, some covered mountainous cloud forest, valleys, river basins and a rich fauna. Emphasizes in this regard the remarkable tourism around the Manuel Antonio National Park, the second most visited country after the Poas Volcano National Park and the biological Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, which receives more than 70,000 domestic and foreign tourists annually .
The Central Pacific is one of the main destinations of domestic and foreign tourism. Its natural and scenic wealth, the existence of numerous conservation areas, and its relative proximity to the Central Valley make it one of the main poles of tourist attraction in Costa Rica. In the last decade there has been a significant development of infrastructure that can be seen in places like Jaco or Sunday, which are sites of interest mainly to foreigners, initially attracted by surfing.
Beaches Puntarena have mostly with hotels, lodges and cabins. Some of them are among the top 10 in Central America as they are Manuel Antonio Beach, selected as the best beach in Central America as travelers and Hermosa Beach, at No. 8.
In the province of Puntarenas are seven national parks (two of which are World Heritage according to UNESCO), three biological reserves and two wildlife refuges, part of the National System of Conservation Areas of Costa Rica. In addition, the Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve, a private nature is. see more
Among the most important destinations of Puntarenas in Costa Rica, we can name:
Corcovado National Park
Located on the Osa Peninsula, was described by National Geographic as "the most intense place on Earth, biologically speaking" and it is estimated that anywhere in the world, possessing a similar extent, greater biodiversity is housed. Corcovado is home to endangered species such as the giant anteater, jaguar, tapir and armadillo vulture, has preserved 41,788 shallow lagoons, mangroves, rivers, rain and cloud forests, and numerous animal species in danger of extinction, attracts many tourists, scientists and researchers each year. Around the park, which is accessed by a ferry between Golfito and Puerto Jimenez, on the east coast of the Osa Peninsula, there are some hotels include private reserves.
The Cocos Island National Park
Heritage Site according to UNESCO, is one of the most biodiverse places in the world where we have identified 235 plant species (70 endemic), 362 insects (64 endemic) and 2 endemic reptiles; 3 spiders, 85 birds including marine (4 endemic), 57 crustaceans, 118 marine mollusks, more than 200 fish and 18 coral. The French explorer and researcher Jacques-Yves Cousteau, considered living on the island of Coco the most beautiful in the world.
With an area of 5,375 marine ha, the Marino Ballena National Park is recognized globally because of the humpback whales during their journey to reproduce.
Carara National Park
In the canton of Garabito, it retains the basin of the Rio Grande de Tarcoles. Has the last remnant of transitional forest in the country, where the dry forest in the Mesoamerican region and the characteristic tropical rain forest in the South Pacific contact. This park protects one of the largest remaining populations of scarlet macaws in the country, and is also home to the American crocodile, which groups are readily observable from the open road on the bridge that crosses over the river Tarcoles. Selected in 2011 by Forbes magazine as one of 12 most beautiful parks in the world.
Manuel Antonio National Park
Located 7 km from the city of Quepos, is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Costa Rica, due to its easy access. Overhangs the white sand beaches surrounded by rainforest, mangroves and the presence of the great biological diversity in a relatively small area (only 56 ha). Manuel Antonio grows around one bollante and tourism complex.
Located west of the city of Golfito, lies the Piedras Blancas National Park, which protects the last bit of rainforest to Golfito and the basin of Esquinas River, which is navigable. This park has a great diversity of fauna, with species such as jaguar, paca, agoutis, peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) and caucel ocelots (Margay).
Arenal Volcano - Costa Rica
The Arenal Volcano is one of the volcanoes of Costa Rica's known nationally and internationally and one of the most visited. It is located in the district of La Fortuna, canton of San Carlos, in the province of Alajuela. It has a height of 1,670 meters. The volcano is located within the Arenal Volcano National Park. He began his past and present activity period in 1968, on July 29 at 7:30. Since then constantly it emits gases and water vapor, with some explosions with pyroclastic material emissions, and sometimes loud rumblings. For this and frequent activity, make this the most active volcano in Costa Rica.
San Pedro Sula - Honduras
San Pedro Sula is the second largest city in Honduras and the administrative capital of the department of Cortés. Among other signs of its importance, the city is home to major industrial companies in the country, which is also known as the industrial capital of the country. This city is flanked by the Sierra del Omoa, and is located in the southwest corner of the vast and fertile Sula Valley, a region which generates about 58 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and 60% of exports the nation.
Attractions in San Pedro Sula
Museum of Anthropology and History, Museum "Daisy Fasquelle Bonilla" La Catedral Sampedrana "PETER" Victoriano Lopez Music School, the Museum of Nature, The Casino Sampedrano, Sampedrano Cultural Center, Municipal Tourism Institute, Social Centre Honduran Arabic Zizima Water Park, Wonderland Waterpark and Sampedrano Theatre, among others.
One of the most popular tourist destinations in Honduras is The National Park Cusuco
The Cusuco National Park is located in northwestern Honduras, just forty kilometers from San Pedro Sula and near the border with Guatemala. It covers about 23.440 hectares, divided into 7 core zone 690 and 15, 750 of buffer zone. With heights between 1,600 and 2,300 meters above sea level is a true cloud forest; an island of forest in the mountains .... The park preserves a rich biodiversity that makes it invaluable for connoisseurs, especially foreigners, who are the most frequent visitors.
Retalhuleu - Guatemala
Retalhuleu is located in the South West region of Guatemala and has a beautiful landscape at the edge of the Pacific Ocean. It bordered on the north with Quetzaltenango, on the south by the Pacific Ocean, east of Suchitepéquez; and West San Marcos (Guatemala). It is located at a distance of 190 kilometers from the capital Guatemala City. Retalhuleu has a warm climate all year round because their temperatures range from 22 to 34 ° C.
Among its tourist attractions Retalhuleu, we can highlight places like Playa Grande, Playa La Verde, Lake Ocosito, Playa Rio Samalá, Playas de Champerico, Laguna El Tigre, etc. Also in this apartment are located the ruins of San Juan Noj, the remains of the existence of a glorious past in this region. Also Takalik Abaj archeological site in the town of Asintal, where there is pre classic Mayan city. In Retalhuleu is IRTRA, recreational area parks and hotels.
Within Centers Historical and Cultural Tourism Interest is the Historical Center of Retalhuleu, Retalhuleu this Historic Center, encompasses the entire Zone 1 Urban Center of the City. Within historic buildings is the Palacio de Retalhuleu Department, The Post and Telegraph building, the museum, the building of the National Civil Police, the San Antonio de Padua Catholic Church and hundreds of public and private buildings.
Ometepe Island - Nicaragua
Ometepe Island, also called Ometepetl (two mountains, in Nahuatl) is in Nicaragua, within the Lake Nicaragua or Lake Nicaragua. Administratively the island belongs to the department of Rivas. Its area is 276 km2 and is the largest of those in the interior of a volcanic lake island. The major population centers are Moyogalpa and Altagracia, which are also the two main ports of access to the island from the cities of Granada, San Carlos and San Jorge.
The name of the island derives from the Nahuatl Ōme 'dos' and tepetl 'mountain (s)', since it consists almost entirely by the cones of two volcanos: Volcán Concepción and Maderas Volcano. The ascent to the lagoon of Maderas Volcano through 4,100 hectares of natural reserves that surround it is a popular tourist attraction in Nicaragua.
Ometepe Island participated in the contest seven natural wonders of the world, reaching the Top 77 among the 440 eligible nominees for consideration by the Panel of Experts. Ometepe is included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, after his nomination was approved unanimously at the XXII Session of "International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere" (MAB) of Unesco.
Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano - Honduras
The Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano is located on the Banana River in La Mosquitia region on the Caribbean coast of Honduras. Declared a World Heritage Site and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1980.
The Biosphere Reserve Rio Platano embraces both the mountains and lowland rainforest, filled with diverse flora and fauna. Its fauna includes many species of mammals such as: capuchin monkeys, ocelot and bobcat, lynx, jaguar, among others. Birds like toucans and macaws. aquatic mammals such as manatees and other species such as pythons and anacondas. Within its Flora are trees over 50 meters high in a wide range. It also has more than 69 archeological sites which helped uncover the "White City" discovered, belonging to an ancient civilization still unknown 2012. It is estimated that its size is about 50 square km. Only there had been legends of ethnic groups.
Panama City - Panama
Panama City is an international city. Founded in 1519, it is called "the crossroads of the world" because of its geographical location and the fact of being the country that joins two oceans. It is the main cultural and economic center of the country, it has an intense financial activity and an international banking center, with over 80 banks accredited in the country. Currently he holds the 7th place in the 2010 version of the classification of the cities most competitive in Latin America. The Panama Canal and tourism are also significant sources of income for the economy of the city, which has a tropical climate, with natural parks and other attractive sights beautiful beaches on both the Pacific and the Caribbean, has buzzing nightlife and business center of the Americas. Its wide cultural and gastronomic offer caused him to be chosen as American Capital of Culture in 2003 (together with Curitiba, Brazil). It occupies the position no. 93 world and 6th in the region, in cities with better quality of life in 2010.
Tikal - Peten Guatemala
Tikal or Tik'al, according to the modern Mayan orthography, is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centers of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the region of Peten, in the present territory of Guatemala and part of the Tikal National Park World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. According to the Mayan hieroglyphs name would have been Yax Mutul.
Tikal was the capital of a belligerent state became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. The residential area of Tikal covers an area of approximately 60 km² of which much has not been cleaned, mapped, or excavated. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back to the fourth century. BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, between 200 and 900 d. C. During this time, the city dominated much of the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily, while interacting with other regions throughout Mesoamerica such as the great metropolis of Teotihuacan in the distant Valley of Mexico.
The architecture of the old city is built of limestone and includes the remains of the temples more than 70 meters rise, large royal palaces, as well as a number of smaller pyramids, palaces, residences, office buildings, platforms and stone monuments with inscriptions. There is even a wooden building with bars on the windows and doors, which seemed to have been a prison. There are also seven tracks for the Mesoamerican ballgame, including a set of three tracks in the Plaza Seven Temples, a unique feature in Mesoamerica.
The architectural complexes of Tikal are made up of the North Acropolis, La Gran Plaza in the center of the city, flanked by two large pyramid temples to its east and west sides. The Central Acropolis a palace complex, located just south of the Great Plaza. South Acropolis is adjacent to the Temple V. It was built on a large platform base covers an area of over 20,000 square meters. Plaza of the Seven Temples located west of the South Acropolis. Set G it located just south of the Mendez road. The Joint H focuses on a long square north of the Great Plaza. It is bordered by temples dating back to the Late Classic. The Plaza of the Seven Temples. Q together one of the largest complexes of twin pyramids of Tikal. It was built by Yax Nuun Ayiin II in 771 to mark the end of the seventeenth K'atun. Joint R is another twin-pyramid complex, dating from 790. It is located near the Maler Causeway
Montecristo National Park - El Salvador
The Montecristo National Park is located in the municipality of Metapan, department of Santa Ana, El Salvador. It covers an area of 1973 hectares of cloud forest and is part of the Trifinio Biosphere Reserve. It was the first protected area declared in this country. The park contains trees up to 30 meters high, including cypresses, oaks and pines; and fauna of the place as the black shrew, squirrel, porcupine, and white-tailed deer.
One of its attractions is the Garden of the Hundred Years with a display of orchids. In addition, at one time home to about 275 species of endemic birds. There are three important hills on location: Montecristo (2,418 m), Miramundo (2,394 meters) and El Brujo (2,140 m). The average temperature ranges between 6 ° and 18 ° Celsius. It also has areas for Ecological Lockjaw, such as interpretive trails, camping areas and local guides.
Map of Central America