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New Delhi India Vacation and Travel Guide
New Delhi, in Hindi: नई दिल्ली, is the capital of the Republic of India and seat of executive, legislative and judicial power of the Government of India. It is located in the Metropolis of Delhi and is one of its nine districts.
The city was established on December 15, 1911, was planned by two of the leading British architects of the twentieth century, Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. The new capital was named New Delhi in 1927 and subsequently inaugurated on February 13, 1931 by Lord Irwin, viceroy of the British Raj.
The metropolis is the most populous city in India and the fifth most populous in the world. It has the largest urban extension in the country, with a total area of 1482 square kilometers. It is located between the Indo-Gangetic plain and the Aravalis mountains.
Most of the territory is located on the west bank of the Yamuna River. The city is located at an altitude between 213 and 305 meters above sea level. It is located in the northern part of the country and borders the states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.
The climate is monsoon characteristic of Southeast Asia although somewhat drier. It has a wet season, summer, from the end of June to the end of September and a longer dry season that lasts the rest of the year. The rainiest months are July and August, the rest of the year the rains are scarce and occasional with abundant sunny days with mists
The city of New Delhi is also known for its broad, tree-lined avenues and is home to numerous national institutions, museums and monuments.
Delhi was designed to have great rail connectivity. There are numerous stations, which communicate the main points of the city and the suburbs.
Tourism in New Delhi
As one of the oldest cities in the world, New Delhi maintains hundreds of monuments. The historic area of Old Delhi has several mosques and fortresses, being surrounded by an old wall. In addition to historical monuments, Delhi also hosts the government buildings of India.
According to the Mahabharata, Delhi would be one of the oldest cities in the world, since its history would go back more than 3000 years.
The oldest archaeological finds found in the area date back to the period of the Maury Empire, around 300 BC. C .; Since then, the area has always been populated since then. A total of eight major cities in history have occupied the area of present-day Delhi. The four main cities were located in the southern part of the current city. You can still find remains of those cities in the area. In short, the cities that stood there were, successively:
Qila Rai Pitora, built by Prithviraj III near the ancient settlement of Lal-Kot.
Siri, built by Muhammad Khilji in 1303.
Tughluqabad, built between 1321 and 1325.
Jahanpanah, built by Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325-1351).
Kotla Firoz Shah, built by Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351-1388).
Purana Qila, built by Sher Shah Suri, and Dinpanah built by Humayun, both located near the place where the legendary Indraprasha was located.
Shahjahanabad, built by Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1649. The city included the Red Fort and was built by passing the capital of the Mughal Empire from Agra to Delhi.
New Delhi is one of the world's capitals with more history and two of its monuments, the Qutab Minar and Humayun's tomb, have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
New Delhi offers multiple attractions including the Rashtrapati Bhavan, former residence of the British viceroys and current presidential palace; the Gate of India, a memorial chosen in honor of the soldiers who died during various wars; the tomb of Humayun, which is said to be the forerunner of the well-known Taj Mahal of Agra; the Raj Ghat or memorial of Mahatma Gandhi; or the remains of the ancient city of Purana Quila, Akshardham, Jantar Mantar, and The Lotus Temple Connaught Place, one of the largest commercial and financial centers of northern India is located in the northern part of New Delhi.
Main Tourist Attractions in Delhi
Among the main Tourist Attractions of Delhi we can highlight
Qutab Minar; is a group of buildings and monuments located in the city of Delhi. The construction of this complex was initiated by Qutb-ud-din Aybak, the first ruler of the slave dynasty. The complex was extended by successive rulers, including Iltutmish and Alaudín as well as the British. Since 1993 the whole of Qutab Minar and its monuments is considered a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
The Fort of Delhi; also known as Red Fort or Lal Qila (in Hindi) because of the color of the sandstone with which it was built. It should not be confused with the Agra Fort which is called in the same way. It was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 2007, covering a protected area of 49.18 ha.
Humayun's Tomb; It is a complex of Mughal architecture buildings in the Indian city of Delhi, which is said to be the forerunner of the well-known Taj Mahal of AgraIt. Comprises the main tomb of Emperor Humayun, as well as other tombs, mosques and other constructions. The complex is considered by Unesco as a World Heritage Site since 1993, as it is one of the first examples of Mughal architectural art. It is also one of the best preserved complexes.
The Jama Masjid or Friday Mosque; is one of the largest mosques in India. It is the main center of worship for the Muslims of Delhi. Located in front of the Red Fort, the mosque was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658. It is said that more than 500 artisans participated in its construction although the main architect was Ostad Khalil.
The Gateway of India; Located on the so-called "road of kings" Rajpath in the Indian city of New Delhi, the Gateway of India (originally called the Memorial of all Indian wars) is a monument built by the architect Edwin Lutyens to commemorate the Indian soldiers who died in World War I and the Afghan Wars of 1919.
The Gurdwara Bangla Sahib (Hindi: गुरुद्वारा बंगला साहिब); is the main Sikh temple in the city of Delhi (in India). Located very close to the central Connaught Place, its structure is immediately recognizable by its peculiar golden dome. It was originally a palace, known as Jaisinghpura, a building owned by the rash Jai Singh, ruler of India in the seventeenth century. The eighth Sikh guru, Guru Har Krishan, resided in it during his stay in Delhi in the year 1664.
Lotus Temple: The Bahá'í House of Worship in Delhi, popularly known as the Lotus Temple, for its flower shape. The building was completed in 1986 and serves as the mother temple in the Indian subcontinent. He has won numerous architectural awards and has been the subject of hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. On April 15, 2014, the "Bahá'í House of Worship in New Delhi" was inscribed in the Indicative List of India, a step prior to being declared a World Heritage Site, in the category of cultural property.
Delhi Akshardham or Swaminarayan Akshardham: is a complex of Hindu temples in New Delhi. It shows millennia of traditional culture, spirituality, and Hindu architecture. Designed according to the ancient Vedic text that is known as the Sthapatya Shastra, which features a mix of architectural styles from all over India. The central building was inspired and developed by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual head of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, whose 3,000 volunteers helped 7,000 artisans in the construction of Akshardham.
It is located near the banks of the Yamuna River, next to the village of the 2010 Commonwealth Games in eastern New Delhi. The temple, in the center of the complex, was built in accordance with the Vastu Shastra and Shastra Pañcharatra. In addition to the large central temple made entirely of stone, the complex has exhibits about the incidents of Swaminarayan life and the history of India. An IMAX film about the early life of Swaminarayan as the adolescent yogi, Nilkanth, a musical source on the message of the Upanishads, and large gardens. The temple owes its name to a Hinduism Swaminarayan belief. The main monument, located in the center of the complex, has dimensions of 43 m high, 96 m wide and 110 m long, 7 and is carved from top to bottom with details of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians and deities.
Chandni Chowk: it is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Delhi. It is located near the Delhi train station. The Red Fort monument is located in the Chandni Chowk. Built in the 17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan of India, and designed by his daughter Jahan Ara, the market was once divided by channels (now closed) to reflect moonlight, and remains one of the largest markets wholesale from India.
The Raj Ghat (royal courtyard): is a memorial in memory of the Hindu leader Mahatma Gandhi who is located in the city of New Delhi. It is a simple black marble slab that marks the place where Gandhi was incinerated on January 31, 1948. The monument is open and has an eternal flame at one end. It is located on the banks of the Yamuna river. A stone path leads to the fenced area where the memorial is located. In it you can read the following epitaph: Hey Ram, which means "Oh Lord", and that were the last words that Mahatma Gandhi pronounced before dying.
In the vicinity of the Raj Ghat are the cremation points of other Indian leaders. The one of Jawaharlal Nehru is located to the north and is known as Śantivan, which means "forest of peace". A red monolith marks the place where the body of Indira Gandhi was incinerated and which is called Śakti Sthal ("Place of power"). His son Rajiv was incinerated in the Veer Bhumi ("Land of bravery"). Rocks from all the states of India were scattered around the site of his cremation.
The capital condition of New Delhi has expanded the importance of national events and festivities. Events such as Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti (Gandhi's birthday) are celebrated with great enthusiasm in New Delhi and the rest of India. On the day of India's independence (August 15), the Indian prime minister addresses the nation from the Red Fort. Most citizens of New Delhi celebrate the day flying kites, which are considered a symbol of freedom. The Day Parade of the Republic is a great cultural and military parade that shows the cultural and military diversity of India.
Religious festivals include the Diwali (Festival of Lights), Durga Puya, Holi, Lohri, Maha Shivaratri, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha and Buddha Jayanti. The Qutub Festival is a nighttime cultural event during which musicians and dancers from all over India perform, with the Qutub Minar as background. Other events such as the Flying Kite Festival, the International Mango Festival and Vasant Panchami (Spring Festival) take place annually in Deli.
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If you are planning to travel to New Delhi, whether for business or tourism, in addition to the passport and visa, we recommend you to check the following information: International Airports, Airport security rules, Type of luggage allowed and weight limits, Most visited cities, Driving in New Delhi, Electricity, Time Stripes, Business Hours, National Holidays, Weights and Measures, Commercial Practices and Etiquette Rules.
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The Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi - India
The Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi (IATA Code: DEL, ICAO code: VIDP), is located 14 miles southwest of New Delhi. It is one of the most important in India. It operates with domestic flights and international destinations in much of Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and some points in America, Oceania and Africa. It has two terminals: Terminal 1 (domestic and low-cost flights) and Terminal 3 (international flights), open 24 hours a day and connected by a free bus service every 20 minutes.
Tel: +91 124 337 6000/479 7300. Counters of reports in the arrivals and boarding areas of both terminals.
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