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Malaysia Vacation and Travel Guide
Malaysia or Federation of Malaysia, is one of the forty-nine countries that make up the Asian continent.
It is located in the central area of the Southeast Asian subregion, distributed in a territory divided into two regions by the South China Sea. Peninsular Malaysia is located on the Malay Peninsula and borders Thailand to the north and Singapore to the south. East Malaysia, for its part, is located in the northern Borneo and borders Indonesia to the south and Brunei to the north.
It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, with an area of 329 847 km². It has a population of approximately twenty-seven million inhabitants. It is near the equator and its climate is tropical.
The capital and largest city is Kuala Lumpur. Putrajaya is the federal administrative capital. Although many executive and judicial branches of the federal government are located in that city, Kuala Lumpur remains the legislative capital and is the seat of Parliament. It is also the main commercial and financial center nationwide.
Other capital urban centers of its peninsular states are Johor Bahru, George Town, Ipoh, Malacca City, Seremban, Kota Bharu, Alor Setar, Shah Alam, Kuala Terengganu, Kangar and Victoria. In Borneo the capitals are Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Other significant cities in Peninsular Malaysia are Subang Jaya, Ampang, Petaling Jaya, Taiping, Lumut, Kuantan, Klang or Port Dickson. On the other hand, in East Malaysia there are also urban centers such as Sibu, Bintulu, Miri, Tawau, Lahad Datu and Kudat.
Although the South China Sea separates Peninsular Malaysia from the East, both regions have coastal plains that rise in jungle mountains and hills, the highest being the Kinabalu with 4,095 meters, is on the island of Borneo. Its climate is equatorial and is characterized by the southwest monsoon from April to October, and the northeast from October to February.
At Cape Tanjung Piai, south of the state of Johor, lies the southern continental tip of Asia.6970 The Strait of Malacca, between Sumatra and the Peninsula of Malaysia, is one of the main sea lanes of the world.
Being divided by the China Sea Merdional Malaysia has several islands. These include Labuan, Penang and the Spratly Islands.
Putrajaya is the administrative capital of Malaysia. Located 36 kilometers south of Kuala Lumpur, it was founded on October 19, 1995 and with Ciberjaya it forms a center of the project "Superpasillo Multimedia". It is the third federal territory of the country next to Kuala Lumpur and Labuan. A high-speed train connects with Kuala Lumpur and its International Airport.
The urban planning of Putrajaya is based on the concept of city-garden around a lake, whose rounded banks house different administrative entities of the Malaysian government. This modern and technological city incorporates traditional elements of Mughal architecture, as well as Islamic ornamentation. Highlight the building of the Great Mosque and the residence of the blue-roofed Prime Minister. Nearby, the Putra Perdana oval park with its geometric forests stands out, as well as Putra Place.
Kuala Lumpur is the largest city in Malaysia, the capital of the federation and the national legislative capital. It is also one of the three federal territories of the country and is physically located within the state of Selangor. In the city is also the official residence of the King of Malaysia, the Istana Negara.
In general, Kuala Lumpur is abbreviated as KL in Malaysia, and is world famous for being the place where the Petronas towers are located, currently the tallest twin buildings in the world and previously the tallest buildings in the world in absolute form.
Kuala Lumpur is the economic and commercial center of the country. In fact, it is a financial center of insurers and Malaysian media. The development of infrastructure in the surrounding areas, for example, the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang, the creation of the Multimedia Super Corridor and the expansion of Port Klang reinforce the economic importance of the city.
In terms of air links, the city has Kuala Lumpur International Airport, which is Malaysia's main transshipment center, with flights to five continents, located about 50 kilometers south of the financial center. Subang airport, smaller, was the main gateway to the country until the inauguration of the new airport in 1998. It is used for flights, charter, national and regional.
Public transportation in the urban area of Kuala Lumpur covers a variety of options, such as buses, trains and taxis. The Kuala Lumpur metro is composed of three separate systems that connect in the center of the city and extend along the suburban area, they are RapidKL RAIL, KL Monorail and KTM Komuter. The stations of these lines vary between underground or elevated according to the sectors where they are located. The main interconnection center is the KL Central station with combinations of the three systems and the national intercity network operated by KTM Intercity. From here you can travel to other places, such as Singapore or Thailand. The largest urban bus operator is RapidKL, the same company that operates in the metro.
The port of Klang is the center of the maritime connections of the city, about 64 kilometers to the southwest.
Tourism in Malaysia
The tourism sector plays an important role in the economy of the city, providing income, employment and greater business opportunities. As a result of all this, many large global hotel chains are present in the city.
Kuala Lumpur, in addition, has become an international destination for shopping, with a variety of shopping centers that house both local and international brands. Tourism lecturer has also expanded in recent years and is becoming an important economic sector.
Some points of interest in the city include the Malaysian Parliament, the Kuala Lumpur Tower, the Putra World Trade Center (PWTC), Dataran Merdeka, Tugu Negara, Istana Negara, Istana Budaya, mosques such as the Masjid Jamek, Masjid Negara and the Mosque of the Federal Territory, the National Museum (Malaysia) and other tourist attractions such as the KLCC Aquarium, the Batu Caves, the Makam Pahlawan, the Pusat Sains Negara, the Negara Zoo, and events such as the Chinese cultural festivals at the Thean Hou Temple and the procession of the Thaipusam in the Sri Mahamariamman Temple.
The Golden Triangle, the commercial core of the city, contains the Petronas Towers and has a distinctive nightlife. Nightclubs, bars and trendy salons such as the Hard Rock Cafe, Zouk, Thai Club, Beach Club (voted the best bar in Asia), Luna Bar, Rum Jungle, Nuovo, Espanda and many others are located in and around Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Ampang.
To accommodate the flow of tourists every year have emerged in many sites, from five stars to the lowest budget. While there are many hotels near the commercial and entertainment districts of the city.
There are three forest reserves within the city, which are the Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve in the center of the city, the oldest forest reserve in the country with 10.52 hectares; the Bukit Sungai Putih Forest Reserve with 7.41 hectares and the Bukit Sungai Besi Forest Reserve with 42.11 hectares. Bukit Nanas in the heart of the city, is one of the oldest virgin forests in the world inside a city. These residual forest areas are home to some animal species, particularly monkeys, tree shrews, squirrels and birds.
Batu Caves is a limestone hill, which has a series of caves and temples caves, located in the district of Gombak, 13 kilometers (8 miles) north of the city of Kuala Lumpur. It takes its name from the Batu River or Sungai Batu, which flows beyond the hill. The cave is one of the most popular Hindu sanctuaries outside of India, and is dedicated to Murugan. It is the focal point of a Hindu festival of Thaipusam in Malaysia.
It is located in the metro station called Batu Caves, which facilitates access to tourists and devotees. On the outside, there are small Hindu mausoleums and a large golden statue 10 stories high. Both inside the cave and outside you can see monkeys in free state.
Malaysia National Parks
The country has a large number of national parks, biological reserves and other protected areas. Of Malaysia's main natural parks, two are on the island of Borneo, Gunung Mulu in Sarawak state and Kinabalu in Sabah. Both were declared World Heritage by Unesco in 2000.
The one of Gunung Mulu lodges in its 52.864 there are great caves and karstic formations, between which the Gunung Mulu stands out with 2.377 msnm, surrounded a rainy mountain jungle. It contains seventeen zones of vegetation and about 3,500 species of vascular plants. It houses the Chamber of Sarawak, which, with 600 meters in length, 415 in width and 80 in height, is the largest underground cavity known anywhere in the world.
The Kinabalu was founded in 1964. It is located on the west coast of Borneo and covers a protected area of 750 km², where Mount Kinabalu is located, which, at 4,085 meters above sea level, is the highest between Papua New Guinea and the Himalayas. It has a great variety of habitats and, given the great richness of its vegetation, has been designated as Botanical Diversity Center of Southeast Asia.
The Taman Negara National Park is located in Peninsular Malaysia and extends into the states of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang. It has been inhabited for more than two millennia, but was created in 1925 and expanded in 1938 to the current 4,343 km². After independence in 1957 it received its current name.
At the beginning of 2007 Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei signed an agreement for the protection of 235,000 km², which has received the name "Heart of Borneo", where 120 new species have been discovered.
Malaysia's cuisine reflects the multi-ethnic composition of its population. Many cultures of the interior of the country and of the peripheral regions received great influence from foreign kitchens. Most of these come from the Malays, Chinese, Indians, Thais, Javanese and sumatras, largely because the country was part of the ancient spice route. Its cuisine is very similar to that of Singapore and Brunei, in addition to having some similarity with the cuisine of the Philippines. Each state has different dishes, and often the food in Malaysia is different from the original recipes.
If you are planning to travel to Malaysia, whether for business or tourism, in addition to the passport and visa, we recommend you to check the following information: International Airports, Airport security rules, Type of luggage allowed and weight limits, Most visited cities, Driving in Malaysia, Electricity, Time Stripes, Business Hours, National Holidays, Weights and Measures, Commercial Practices and Etiquette Rules.
Flights Promotions to Malaysia
The Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA, IATA: KUL, ICAO: WMKK) is the main international airport in Malaysia and is located in the Sepang district, in the south of the state of Selangor, 50 km south of the financial center of the capital, Kuala Lumpur. Its slogan is "Bringing the world to Malaysia and Malaysia to the world". The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports and is the main hub of Malaysia Airlines, Malaysia Airlines Cargo and Air Asia , with flights to five continents.
The tracks and buildings cover a total area of 100 square km, and with its 75 boarding bridges it is theoretically capable of handling 100 aircraft movements at any given moment. There are 216 counters for check-in, grouped in six aisles for check-in. The airport is the first in the world to use the Total Airport Management System - although the system was criticized by the airport's recurring problems by Transport Minister Ling Liong Sik.
Subang Airport, smaller, was the main gateway to the country until the inauguration of the new airport in 1998. It is used for flights, charter, national and regional.
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