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Israel Vacation and Travel Guide

 

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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a sovereign country of the Near East that lies on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon to the north, Syria and Jordan to the east, Palestine to the east in the West Bank and west in the Gaza Strip, with Egypt to the southwest and the Gulf of Aqaba to the south, in the Red Sea. With a population of almost 9 million, most of whom are Jews, Israel is the only Jewish state in the world. It is also home to Arab Muslims, Christians, Druze and Samaritans, as well as other religious and ethnic minority groups.

The territory of Israel is divided into 6 districts or Mejozot (מחוזות), directed by a commissioner appointed by the Ministry of the Interior. They are the following: Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, North, South and Tel Aviv.

At the same time the districts are divided into fifteen sub-districts known as nafot (נפות), which are in turn divided into fifty natural regions. Natural regions are non-administrative units used by the Government of Israel for statistical issues and the population census.

The capital, seat of government and largest city in the country is Jerusalem, with an area of ​​125.1 square kilometers. It is a city of the Middle East located in the Judean mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the north bank of the Dead Sea, it has extended well beyond the limits of the Old City, which was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1981.The main economic and financial center is located in Tel Aviv-Yafo and the largest industrial center is located in Haifa.

 

Israel - Tel Aviv-Yafo

Tel Aviv-Yafo

Tel Aviv-Yafo, usually called Tel Aviv, is the second most populous city in Israel (after Jerusalem). It has an area of 51.4 km² and is located on the Mediterranean coast of Israel. It is the largest and most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area.

Tel Aviv is the center of the Israeli global economy, the home of the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and many corporate offices and research and development centers, reference of the area popularly known as "Silicon Wadi". It is also considered the Israeli cultural capital due to its cosmopolitan and modern character and an important performing arts center. Its beaches, cafes, luxury shops and secular lifestyle have made it a popular tourist destination.

Israel is considered to be the most advanced country in south-west Asia in economic and industrial development. The country has ranked highest in the region in the World Bank's Facility for Business Index, as well as in the Global Competitiveness Index of the World Economic Forum. It has the second largest number of Startup companies in the world (after the United States) and the largest number of companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange outside of North America.

In Israel there are three geomorphological regions, from West to East: the Mediterranean coastal plain, the central mountain range and the Jordan River valley (the deepest depression on Earth). To these three regions, we must add the one of the Negev desert, composed of a flat and calcareous mountains and located to the south of Israel. The arid regions occupy more than half of the territory of Israel.

Located between the deserts of Africa and Asia, on one side, and the Mediterranean Sea, it has a warm and humid climate, on the other, Israel is at a crossroads of climatic influences that have allowed to distinguish up to forty different types of climate in reduced surface.

 

Israel Vacation and Travel Guide

Tourism in Israel

Tourism is a fundamental industry of Israel. There, important archaeological centers of the Roman and Byzantine civilizations have access to the public.

Being located in the Holy Land offers a variety of religious, historical and important archaeological sites. In addition, it has modern tourist centers on its beaches and regions for ecotourism. It is important to note the growing importance of sun and beach tourism, located mainly in the Dead Sea area and the Mediterranean Sea near the city of Tel Aviv. In this area there are also numerous spas and spas.

Each year millions of Christian, Jewish and Muslim pilgrims come to their holy places. In Israel you can visit from the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, which is built on the place where Jesus was born according to the Bible, to the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Temple Museum of the Book of Jerusalem. In Nazareth we visit the Basilica of the Annunciation, built on the site where the Archangel Gabriel appeared before Mary to announce the arrival of Jesus. In Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock, on the Temple Mount, is the third most important site in Islam and occupies the place from which it is believed that Muhammad ascended into the heavens. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher on the hill of Golgotha ​​is one of the most sacred sites for Christianity as it marks the place of the crucifixion, burial and resurrection of Jesus. The Jews come to pray at the Wailing Wall, the only thing left of the ancient Temple of Jerusalem, made by King Solomon.

Tourism in Israel includes a rich variety of historical and religious sites in the Holy Land, as well as hotel complexes of modern beaches, archaeological tour and ecological tourism. Israel has the largest number of museums per capita in the world.

Among the main sites of tourist interest in Israel we can highlight:

• Golan Heights
• Mount Hermon. Ski in winter.
• Archeology in Katzin, Gamla, Fortress of Nimrod and Gilgal Refaim.
• Tzfat
• Sacred city for Judaism, where most of the Talmud was written and the Kabbalah (Jewish mysticism) was developed. Famous for its artisans.
• Galilea1
• It is a historic region located north of Israel, located between the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of ​​Galilee and the Jezreel Valley. It currently constitutes the northern zone of the State of Israel
• The clump is rainy and humid,
• the main economic activities are agriculture and galilea sea lapezca2
• Tel Aviv3
• Tel Aviv-Yafo, usually called Tel Aviv, is the second largest city in Israel with an estimated population of 411,800.
• It has a beach
• It is the center of the Israeli global economy4
• Beersheba
• It is one of the oldest cities in Israel
• There are low mountains and plains

 

Israel - Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Jerusalem is a place of pilgrimage and adoration for Jews, Christians and Muslims since the biblical era. The ancient city has sites of religious importance around the Temple Mount, including the Western Wall (sacred to Judaism), the Church of the Holy Sepulcher (a Christian pilgrimage site) and the Dome of the Rock (an Islamic sanctuary). of the seventh century with a golden dome).

You can access the ancient walled city through the Damascus Gate and the Jaffa Gate, near the Tower of David, or the Citadel. Here is also the Al-Aqsa mosque, with a lead dome, one of the most sacred of Islam.

Its narrow passages contain rambunctious Arab bazaars, sidewalk cafes and carts that sell traditional food in the streets, such as falafel. The modern city of Jerusalem features the Israel Museum, which exhibits archaeological and Jewish finds, such as the Dead Sea manuscripts; the Holocaust memorial Yad Vashem; and the Museum of Islamic Art of L.A. Mayer

Holy places for Christianity, Islam and Judaism

Jerusalem is considered a sacred city by the three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. For Judaism it is there that King David established the capital of the Kingdom of Israel and place of settlement of the Ark of the Covenant, and where his son Solomon built the Temple, where the prayers should go; for Christianity it is there where Jesus preached, was crucified and rose again; It is also the third sacred city of Islam, where for the Muslims the prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven and to which the first Muslims looked when praying, before moving on to face Mecca, in Saudi Arabia.

 

Jerusalem - Sacred  Places for Christianity - Church of the Holy Sepulcher

Sacred Places for Christianity

• Church of the Holy Sepulcher: There is the Calvary where Jesus was crucified, as well as the "Sepulcher of the Savior". It is the holiest place in Christianity.
• Cenacle: Room on the high floor where Jesus celebrated the Last Supper, where he appeared to the apostles and where they received the Holy Spirit on Pentecost.
• Basilica of the Nations or the Agony: Located on the Mount of Olives, where Jesus spent his last moments before being arrested.
• Dominus Flevit Church: From there, Jesus contemplated the holy city and wept for it (episode known as Flevit super illam in Latin) on Palm Sunday.
• Our Father Church: Place where Jesus taught that prayer to the disciples.
• San Pedro in Gallicantu: Church that remembers the place where the house of Caiaphas was where Jesus was judged and where it was denied by San Pedro.
• Lithostrotos: Pavement of the ancient Antonia Fortress of the Romans where Jesus was crowned with thorns and insulted by Roman soldiers.
• Via Dolorosa: Road that Jesus followed with the cross from the Antonia Fortress to Calvary. In it the seasons are marked, the last ones being in the Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher.
• Abbey of Hagia Maria or of the Dormition: It remembers the place where according to the Christian tradition the dormición of the Virgin took place, surrounded by the apostles. In its crypt is an image of the Reclining Virgin.
• Church of Santa Ana: Place where, according to Catholic tradition, the Virgin Mary was born.
• Ascension Edict: Place from which Jesus ascended into heaven.

 

Jerusalem - Sacred  Places for Islam - The Dome of the Rock

Sacred Places for Islam

• The Dome of the Rock: located in the center of the Temple Mount, is a sanctuary -not a mosque- built between 687 and 691 by the ninth caliph, Abd al-Malik, around the rock on which Abraham was about to sacrifice his son Isaac. According to Islamic tradition (Sura 17 of the Koran), in a dream of Muhammad that relates "from the Sacred Mosque to the Far Mosque", without mentioning any city, he ascended to the throne of Allah in the course of a night trip to the city from Medina. However, following the conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin, it is believed that he changed the meaning of this sacred place by that of Jerusalem to strengthen the political domination of Islam over the land of Judea.

• The Al-Aqsa Mosque: located at the southern end of the Temple Mount, it was built a few years after the Dome of the Rock (705) and rebuilt several times later. It is the most important Muslim temple in Jerusalem.

• The Esplanade of the Mosques: called Al-Haram ash-Sharif in Arabic ("Noble Sanctuary" in Spanish), its site houses the two previous monuments. It is the third sacred place of Islam after Mecca and Medina. The ensemble is a waqf, a Muslim good managed by Muslim administrators (also referred to as Waqf) since the seventh century, and placed under the supervision of the government of Jordan since the signing of the peace treaty in 1994.

 

Jerusalem - Sacred Places for Judaism - The Wailing Wall

Sacred Places for Judaism

• Jerusalem is the most sacred of the cities of Judaism, as well as the spiritual epicenter of the Jewish people since the 10th century BC. C., 111 when the site was chosen by King David for the site of the Sacred Temple. In 1840 the Jewish community constituted the largest religious group in the city and from 1880 onwards it forms the majority within it.

• The city of Jerusalem is in a special category in Jewish religious law. Specifically, Jews who are outside of Jerusalem pray in their direction, and Ma'aser Sheni, Révai and First Fruits must be consumed in Jerusalem. Any expansion of the city for these purposes must be approved by the Sanhedrin. When the Temple of Jerusalem was raised, Jerusalem observed the special laws concerning the four species on Sukkot, and the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah.

• Jerusalem has long been incorporated into Jewish religious consciousness. The Jewish people have studied the struggle for King David of the conquest of Jerusalem and his desire to build the Jewish temple, as described in the Book of Samuel and the Book of Psalms. Many of King David's yearnings about Jerusalem have been adapted into popular prayers and songs.

• Jerusalem appears in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) 669 times and Zion (which usually means Jerusalem, as well as the Land of Israel) appears 154 times. In Judaism, the written Law, the basis of the Oral Law (the Mishnah, the Talmud and the Shulchan Aruch) is studied, practiced and treasured by the Jewish people and Judaism for three millennia. The Talmud develops in depth the Jewish connection with the city.

• The Wailing Wall is the most important place for Jews. Last remnant of the Jewish temple built by Herod on the ruins of the temple of Solomon. It comprises the Western Wall, the main section of the Wall, located in the Jewish neighborhood of the Old City; and the Small Wall, extension of the Western Wall, located in an Arab neighborhood, is a place of prayer for Jews of different currents. The Temple was built in the place where, according to Jewish tradition, Abraham was prepared to sacrifice his son, Isaac.

• The Temple Mount (where today is the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque) is considered the most sacred place, since it was the Sancta Sanctorum, where the Tables of the Law were housed. the beginning of the Middle Ages the area in front of the Wailing Wall was used as a garbage dump, which is why the Door near the Wall is called "Dung Gate or Dung Gate". In the sixteenth century, Sultan Suleiman II discovered the location of the Wall and had the area cleaned.

Main Sites of Tourist Interest in Jerusalem

Although Jerusalem is recognized mainly for its religious significance, the city also hosts many artistic and cultural places. The Israel Museum, the largest and most important cultural body of the State of Israel, which occupies a prominent place among the world's leading museums of art and archeology, attracts almost one million visitors per year, of which approximately one third of them They are tourists. The complex, which comprises 80000 m², is comprised of ten wings of archeology, fine arts and Jewish art and culture, which host encyclopedic collections, including works that date from prehistory to the present, and presents the largest series in the world of pieces of biblical archeology and the Holy Land. The museum has a large garden with outdoor sculptures, and a scale model of the Second Temple.

The institution has ten wings or museums:

Rockefeller Archaeological Museum; Located in East Jerusalem, on the other side of the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, it is the first archaeological museum in the Middle East. It was created under the British Mandate, and inaugurated in 1938. The building was purpose built and houses an extraordinary collection of antiquities discovered in the excavations carried out since the beginning of the Mandate. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the city. It is an extension of the archeology department of the Israel Museum since 1967, the year in which it became dependent on the Antiquities Authority of Israel.
Museum of Fine Arts Edmond and Lily Safra; This museum contains collections of works of art from all periods and cultures, including: European art, modern art, contemporary art, Israeli art, African art, Oceanic art, Asian and American art; in photography, design and architecture and prints and drawings.
Archeology Wing Samuel and Saidye Bronfman; a permanent exhibition of the Museum of Israel dedicated to the archeology of the ancient Land of Israel, with some 6,000 finds that reveal the daily life of the peoples of the region from the Stone Age to the end of the Ottoman period. In this wing there are also thematic galleries devoted to the development of ancient Hebrew writing, the history of coins, and the manufacture of glass through time.
Ala for the Arts and Jewish Life, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel; a sample of religious and secular material from Jewish communities around the world, from the Middle Ages to the present. Five main themes are presented in their galleries: "The rhythm of life: birth, marriage, death"; "Revelations of the writings"; "The path of the synagogue: Holiness and beauty"; "The cycle of the Jewish year"; "Costumes and jewelry."
Ruth de la Juventud for Art Education; where temporary exhibitions are mounted and an extensive arts education program is carried out, it is visited by 100,000 children a year.
Bella and Harry Wexner art gallery; a space for temporary exhibitions that is located in the heart of the museum and has 930 m² divided into three equal spaces, to accommodate up to three exhibitions simultaneously.
Wing of the Book Sanctuary; created for the protection, custody and permanent exhibition of the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered in the middle of the 20th century in the Caves of Qumran, near the Dead Sea.
Model of the Second Temple; open to the public in 1966, it is a popular attraction and educational site for both Israelis and tourists alike. This miniature scale of 50: 1 and covering an area of ​​4200 m², evokes the ancient Jerusalem at its height, meticulously recreating its topography and architectural character in the year 66, the year in which the Jewish revolt against the Romans broke out, which It led to the destruction of the Second Temple and the city in the year 70.
Billy Rose Arts Garden; created by the prominent Japanese sculptor and landscape artist of Japanese origin Isamu Noguchi, conceiving a unique concept of garden gathering the elements of the landscape of Israel and the Japanese garden of zen style. About fifty works of contemporary sculptors from Europe, the United States and Israel are placed in such a way that allows us to follow the development of modern sculpture from the late nineteenth century to the present day.
Ticho House art gallery; located in the center of Jerusalem, it houses the paintings of Anna Ticho and the Judaica collections of her husband, an ophthalmologist, who opened the first ophthalmological clinic in Jerusalem in this building in 1912. In this art gallery there is a permanent exhibition of the works of Anna Ticho as well as temporary exhibitions of other artists; the collection of chanukah chandeliers made by Dr. Avraham Ticho and a library of reference books about art and literature of Jerusalem. Every Friday morning there are chamber music performances performed by national and international artists.

Yad Vashem, the national memorial of Israel dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust, houses the largest library in the world with information related to the Holocaust, with approximately 100,000 books and articles. The complex houses a museum that investigates the genocide of Jews through exhibitions that focus on the personal stories of people and families who died in the Holocaust and an art gallery with works by deceased artists. Yad Vashem also commemorates the 1.5 million Jewish children killed by the Nazis, and honors the Righteous among the Nations. The Museum On The Seam, which explores themes of coexistence through art, is located on the road that divides east and west Jerusalem.

Institute L. A. Mayer of Islamic Art, established in 1974, the museum houses Islamic pottery, textiles, jewelry, ceremonial objects and other Islamic cultural artifacts.

The Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra, founded in the 1940s, has performed functions around the world. Other venues include the International Convention Center (Binyanei HaUma) near the entrance to the city, where the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra gives its performances, the Jerusalem Cinematheque, the Gerard Behar Center (formerly Beit Ha'am) in the center of Jerusalem, the Jerusalem Music Center in Yemin Moshe, 136 and the Targ Music Center in Ein Kerem.

The Festival of Israel is held annually since 1961 with performances by local and international singers, both in theaters and in the open air, concerts, plays and street theater. During the last 25 years Jerusalem has been the main organizer of this event. The Theater of Jerusalem in the Talbiya neighborhood, performs more than 150 concerts a year, as well as presentations of theater and dance companies and artists from abroad. The Khan Theater, located in the caravanserai in front of the old Jerusalem station, is the only one in the city with a repertoire theater. The station has become a venue for cultural events in recent years, such as the site of Shav'ua HaSefer, a week-long annual book fair with outdoor musical performances. The Jerusalem Film Festival takes place every year, with the screening of Israeli and international films.

The Headquarters of the Palestinian National Theater is located in the Al Hakawati theater, the only theater in East Jerusalem. The theater produces and presents artistic, educational and entertainment shows, focusing in particular on the young audience that represents the majority of the Palestinian population. It organizes training workshops and its shows make tours abroad. The National Theater of Palestine can not receive subsidies from the Palestinian Authority and refuses to ask the Israeli government, so it develops its activities thanks to the collaboration of Arab and international governments and institutions.

On Al-Zahra Street in East Jerusalem, the Jerusalem branch of the Edward Said National Conservatory of Music (The Edward Said National Conservatory of Music, ESNCM) is located. The conservatory is scheduled to move to its new headquarters, the Shihabi building, a historic building located on that same street and whose rehabilitation is taking place in 2011 and 2012. The Edward Said Conservatory in Jerusalem was inaugurated in 1996, and the 2011-2012 academic year consisted of 170 students. It houses The Jerusalem Children's Orchestra, a children's orchestra of classical European and Arabic repertoire, composed by the students of the Conservatory. They receive training from the teachers of the center as well as from professors from international partner institutions, and make small tours.

The Branch of the Edward Said National Music Conservatory in Jerusalem organizes the annual Arab classical music festival Layali Tarab fi Quds el Arab (Nights of Tarab in Arab Jerusalem), whose concerts take place over a month in Jerusalem and other cities of the Palestinian Territories.

The Visual Arts Gallery Palestinian Art Court - Al Hoash, established in 2004 in East Jerusalem, is a gallery for the preservation and promotion of Palestinian art in the region. His goal is that his collection be the nucleus of a future national museum of Palestinian art in Jerusalem. It organizes workshops, film screenings and meetings, and its exhibitions offer samples of painting, photography, video art and installations, among other disciplines. It is an independent non-profit organization and receives grants from the United Nations Development Program.

In 1974 the Cinematheque of Jerusalem was founded by Lia van Lear. In 1981 the new construction was approved on the road to Hebron, near the Valley of Hinnom and the Old City, for the foundation of the National Archive of Israeli Cinema.

The Islamic Museum of Jerusalem was officially created in 1923, and moved to its current location, at the southwest corner of the Temple Mount in 1929. It consists of three buildings with a total area of ​​more than 1000 m². The oldest was built by the Crusaders in the 12th century; it is followed by an old mosque from the 13th century and a building from the time of the Mamluks (14th century). The museum exhibits objects and pieces from Islamic and non-Islamic periods, classified by times, regions and themes.

 

Discover Israel

 

If you are planning to travel to Israel, whether for business or tourism, in addition to the passport and visa, we recommend you to check the following information: International Airports, Airport security rules, Type of luggage allowed and weight limits, Most visited cities, Driving in Israel, Electricity, Time Stripes, Business Hours, National Holidays, Weights and Measures, Commercial Practices and Etiquette Rules.

 

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Israel Airports

The Ben Gurion International Airport (IATA code: TLV - ICAO code: LLBG) is the largest international airport in Israel.1 It is located near the city of Lod, 15 kilometers southeast of Tel-Aviv. It is managed by the Israel Airports Authority, a state-owned company that manages all public airports and borders in the State of Israel. It is the base of El Al Israel Airlines, Israir Airlines, Arkia Israel Airlines and Sun D'Or.

The airlines that operate in Ben Gurión use three of the four existing passenger terminals. Terminal 3 is used for international flights, Terminal 1 for regional flights, and Terminal 2 for flights of low-cost airlines. Likewise, the airport has three airstrips and is used jointly for commercial, private and military aircraft operations.

Dode Sv Airport is the second airport in Tel Aviv. It is located near the main highway between Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv, Highway 1, and is easily accessible by car or bus, as companies Egged and Dan Bus offer routes to the airport. Also the Israel Railways makes train links to the airport and taxis are also available. Another popular transportation option is a shared van-taxi called sherut.

 

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