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Jakarta - Bali
Best Places to visit in Indonesia - Jakarta - Bali
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Indonesia Vacation and Travel Guide
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is an island country located between Southeast Asia and Oceania. It has a population of more than 255 million inhabitants which makes it the fourth most populated country in the world. Through its many islands, the Indonesian people are made up of different ethnic, linguistic and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest and most politically dominant ethnic group. The government is headquartered in Jakarta.
Indonesia is made up of 17 508 islands, of which about 6000 are inhabited. These islands are scattered on both sides of the Earth's equator. The five largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (the Indonesian part of Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea) and Celebes. Indonesia shares borders with Malaysia on the islands of Borneo and Sebatik, with Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea and with East Timor on the island of Timor. In addition, only a few straits separate Indonesia from Singapore, the Philippines and Australia.
As it is located in the vicinity of the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with different seasons of monsoon, rain and drought.
The cuisine of Indonesia varies by region and is based on Chinese, European, Oriental and Indian cuisine, rice is the main staple of Indonesian cuisine, and is served with meat and vegetable dishes. Spices (particularly chili), coconut milk, fish and chicken are also key ingredients.
Jakarta is the capital and largest and most populated city in Indonesia, located on the island of Java. on a surface of 650 km² where a population of more than 10 million inhabitants is concentrated, adding up to 30 million in its metropolitan area.
Jakarta is the fourth most populated city on the planet and its metropolitan area is known as Jabodetabek (acronym for Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi). It is the political, industrial and financial center of the country.
Although officially, Jakarta is not a city but a province with the special status of Indonesian capital. Jakarta as a province is divided into five cities (Kota): East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur), West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat), North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara), South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan) and Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat).
The only commercial airport in Jakarta is the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport; Together with Ngurah Rai Airport in Bali, they are the two largest airports in Indonesia.
The Port of Jakarta, also known as Port of Tanjung Priok, is the largest port in Indonesia and one of the largest in the Java Sea, with an annual traffic of some 45 million tons of cargo and 4 million TEUs. This port is located in Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta. The port is an important company in the area, with more than 18,000 employees that provide services to more than 18,000 vessels each year.
Tourism in Indonesia
Both nature and culture are the main components of Indonesian tourism. The natural heritage is a combination of tropical climate, large archipelagos and long beaches. These natural attractions are complemented by a rich cultural heritage that reflects the dynamic history of Indonesia and its ethnic diversity. The ancient temples of Prambanan and Borobudur, Toraja and Bali, with their Hindu festivals, are some of the popular destinations for cultural tourism.
Indonesia has 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as Komodo National Park, Subak, Ujung Kulon National Park, Lorentz National Park, Sumatran Heritage of Sumatran tropical forests, which includes three national parks on the island of Sumatra: Park National Gunung Leuser, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park; and 18 World Heritage sites in the process of selection, such as the historic centers of Jakarta, Sawahlunto, Semarang, as well as Muara Takus.
Jakarta attracts many foreign and domestic tourists. Therefore, Jakarta is a cosmopolitan city with a diverse culture. Many of the immigrants from the city come from different parts of the island of Java, bringing with them a mixture of dialects of the Javanese and Sonoran languages, as well as their own typical foods and products.
Jakarta has several centers of performances like the Senayan. Traditional music is usually found in luxury hotels, including gamelan and wayang (Indonesian and Malay word for theater). As the most populated city and capital of the country, Jakarta continuously receives talents in search of a greater audience and chances of success.
The concentration of wealth and political influence in the city is much more evident in its landscape and culture, an effect illustrated by the presence in the city of many of the main international fast food chains.
Among the main places of interest of Jakarta we can highlight: Monumen Nasional (Monas), Taman Ismail Marzuki, Ancol, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Ragunan Zoo and Kepulauan Seribu.
The Island of Bali is an island and a province of Indonesia. The province includes the island of Bali, Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. It is located in the most western part of the smaller islands of the Sound, along with Java to the west and Lombok to the east. The island is a popular tourist destination and is known, like Java, for its delicate arts, which include dance, sculpture, painting, goldsmithing, leatherwork and a particular musical style, especially that played during gamelan. Apart from being a tourist destination, it is a meeting point for wholesalers; fashion, jewelry, footwear, furniture or decoration from around the world, which they buy on the island to then export to their countries of origin.
Indonesia has a well-preserved natural ecosystem with tropical forests that cover more than 57% of Indonesia's surface. The forests in Sumatra and Kalimantan are examples of popular tourist destinations, such as the wild reserve of Orang Utan. In addition, Indonesia has one of the longest coastline in the world, measuring about 54,716 kilometers.
With 20% of the world's coral reefs, over 3,000 different species of fish and 600 species of coral, deep pits, marine volcanic mountains, shipwrecks of World War II, and a variety of macro life, scuba diving In Indonesia it is excellent and economical.
The Bunaken National Marine Park, located north of Sulawesi, has more than 70% of all known fish species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean According to Conservation International, marine research suggests that marine diversity in the Raja Ampat Islands is The largest recorded on Earth, there are over 3,500 species living in Indonesian waters, including sharks, dolphins, manta rays, turtles, moray eels, cuttlefish, octopus and scorpaenidae, compared to 1,500 of the Great Barrier Reef.
If you are planning to travel to Indonesia, whether for business or tourism, in addition to the passport and visa, we recommend you to check the following information: International Airports, Airport security rules, Type of luggage allowed and weight limits, Most visited cities, Driving in Indonesia, Electricity, Time Stripes, Business Hours, National Holidays, Weights and Measures, Commercial Practices and Etiquette Rules.
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The Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (IATA code: CGK, ICAO code: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. The airport is named after the first Indonesian president, Soekarno, and the first vice president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport is often called Cengkareng by the Indonesians. The airport's IATA code, CGK, receives the acronym of the Cengkareng site, a district located northwest of the city.
The area occupied by the airport is 18 km². It has two parallel and independent tracks of 2,400 m connected by two intersecting taxiways. There are two terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for all airlines that perform regional flights except for flights operated by Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines, and terminal 2 serves all international flights as well as regional flights operated by Garuda and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.
Each terminal is divided into 3 modules. Terminal modules 1A, 1B, and 1C are used for (mostly) regional flights of Indonesian airlines. Module 1A offers flights from Lion Air, Wings Air and Indonesia AirAsia.
The 2D and 2E modules are used to operate all international flights of foreign airlines. In the 2D module are all the airlines that chose to hire PT Jasa Angkasa Semesta, one of the handling agents at the airport. However, in module 2E it is Garuda who provides this service to all airlines, including all international Garuda Merpati flights. The main use of the 2F module is the regional flights of Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.
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Where to Stay in Indonesia
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