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Tourism in Madrid Spain - Best Tourist Attractions and Places to Visit in Spain
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Madrid Spain Vacation and Travel Guide
Madrid is the capital city of Spain. Also known as the Villa and Court, being the most populated city of the country and at the same time a place where the most diverse cultures converge. Starting from the Arab influence of several centuries ago to the pluriculturality that surrounds it today, making Madrid a place rich and varied in terms of places to see and know.
As capital of the State, Madrid houses the headquarters of the Government, the Cortes Generales, ministries, institutions and associated agencies, as well as the official residence of the kings of Spain and the President of the Government.
Madrid is the fourth richest city in Europe, with the third largest stock market in Europe and the second in Latin America (Latibex) and several of the Largest corporations in the world.
Madrid is the eighth city in the world with the largest presence of multinationals. At the international level, the headquarters of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the headquarters of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), the headquarters of the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB), the headquarters Of the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture (OEI), the Ibero-American Youth Organization (OIJ) and the Public Interest Oversight Board (PIOB).
It also houses the main international institutions that regulate and disseminate the Spanish language: the Permanent Commission of the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language, and headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), the Cervantes Institute and the Fundación de Español Urgente (Fundéu). Madrid organizes fairs like FITUR, Madrid Fusion, ARCO, SIMO TCI, the Motor Show and Cibeles Madrid Fashion Week.
It is an influential cultural center and has international reference museums, among them the Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía National Museum of Art, the Thyssen-Bornemisza and CaixaForum Madrid, which occupy important positions among the most important museums. Visited the world.
Tourism in Madrid has three annual visitor arrivals: October, July and May or April, with October being the most important.
Among the characteristics that give importance to Madrid in the tourist area are details such as the good communications of the city, the importance in a European frame of the airport, the proximity of this to the urban center and an excellent network of Metro.
Its capital status favors entrepreneurial activity and it has been considered that its openness is a plus in the context of business tourism. The positive perception of the city is influenced by positive perceptions of the nightlife, its cosmopolitan atmosphere and its hospitality.
Both its monuments, its churches and other palatial buildings have an architecture that goes through the Baroque, Neoclassical, Gothic and Mudejar styles, which makes the city an extremely attractive place for the large number of people traveling to Appreciate and enjoy the Tourist sites in Madrid.
Most Important Tourist Attractions in Madrid Spain
Royal Palace of Madrid: It was the official residence of the kings of Spain until 1931, currently in their facilities receptions, official acts and great state ceremonies continue.
National Library of Spain : Where the Bibliographic and Documentary Heritage of Spain is deposited in a historical collection of bibliographic material and publications produced in the country since the beginning of the 18th century.
Palace of Communications : Created by the architect Silvio Contri in 1904. It exhibits the statue of Carlos IV known as "El Caballito".
Teatro Real : This is Madrid's opera house, located in the Plaza de Oriente in the historic center of the city.
Madrid Cable Car : It is an option to see the city from above, begins its trajectory in Paseo del Pintor Rosales, and culminates in the Casa de Campo.
Barrio de Chueca : Located next to the Gran Vía, one of the main streets of the city, with commercial, tourist and leisure areas, it is famous for its cinemas and theaters.
Museums of Madrid Spain
Museo del Prado: This museum has works by some masters from the 16th to the 19th centuries, has the best collections of Velázquez, Goya, Tiziano and Rubens, as well as works by El Greco, Murillo, José de Ribera, Zurbarán, Rafael, Veronese, Tintoretto, Van Dyck or El Bosco.
Reina Sofía National Art Center: Exhibits works of art from the 20th century and today, it was inaugurated as a museum on September 10, 1992.
Museo Thyssen Bornemisza: Exhibits works of ancient and modern art, owes its name to most of the works exhibited there belonging to the collection of the Thyssen-Bornemisza family.
Costume Museum : Promotes the knowledge of evolution in the history of the clothing of the peoples of Spain.
National Archaeological Museum of Spain: It receives the official name of National Archaeological Museum, classifies and exhibits archaeological, ethnographic, decorative art and numismatic materials gathered by Spanish monarchs.
Museum of America: Created with the purpose of exhibiting works of American art, archeology and ethnography, whose route covers from pre-Columbian times to colonial times.
Sorolla Museum: Exhibits works composed of sculptures, ceramics and paintings that were owned by Joaquín Sorolla, a Spanish painter and graphic artist.
National Museum of Anthropology: It presents an overview of all the cultures that exist and existed in the world through objects and human remains, such as those obtained in Spain, Africa, And Ecuador, among many other countries.
Public Art Museum: In this museum are exposed outdoor sculptures, distributed under the eaves of the bridge Enrique de la Mata Gorostizaga, where are exposed 17 Spanish sculptures of the generation of 50 And others belonging to the historical avant-gardes.
Carriages Museum: Located within the grounds of the Campo del Moro gardens, this 20-hectare garden was declared of historical and artistic interest in 1931.
Lázaro Galdiano Museum: Located in the Salamanca district, it is named after the private collections of Spanish art collector José Lázaro Galdiano.
National Museum of Decorative Arts: Illustrates the evolution of the so-called industrial arts or smaller, including furniture, ceramics, glass, textiles, etc.
Squares and Monuments of Madrid Spain
Plaza Mayor of Madrid: It is the main square of Madrid and the most important of the city, highlighted mainly by its history. S and characterized by being surrounded by 3 Of its sides by period buildings, in the center has a statue in honor to Felipe III. Every Sunday and holidays in the morning becomes a market of Philately and Numismatics.
Plaza de Cibeles: Also known as La Cibeles, it represents the goddess of the earth and is located in the Paseo del Prado. It is one of the most symbolic places of the city of Madrid, divides the limits of the districts, Centro, Retiro and Salamanca, in the center of the square is situated the Célebre de Cibeles sculpted in 1872 by Ventura Rodriguez.
Plaza de Colón: Built in Honor of Christopher Columbus, within it is a space called "The Gardens of Discovery", as a curious fact in this place flies the largest flag in Spain .
Plaza de España: Located in the center of the city, in the center of this square stands a monument dedicated to Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, around it are other distinguished buildings of the city Such as La Torre de Madrid, El Edificio España, Casa Gallardo and the Asturian Mining Company building. This place is visited by tourists throughout the year.
Monument to Felipe IV: Monument dedicated to Felipe IV, it is located in the Plaza de Oriente. It is one of the places I am most interested in in Madrid, this is because it is the first statue of a rider in which his horse rests on his two hind legs also in his execution participated the great Galileo Galilei. >
Arc de la Victoria: It was built between 1953 and 1956 to commemorate the victory of the Army revolted during the Spanish Civil War.
Puerta del Sol: Its history goes back to the XV century, alluding to a fence that surrounded the city of Madrid in whose perimeter it gathered the medieval suburbs.
Puerta de Alcalá: It is located in Plaza Independencia, between the four streets (Alcalá, Alfonso XII, Serrano and Salustiano Olózaga), and next to the Puerta de España. It receives the name of & ldquo; Puerta de Alcalá & rdquo; For being in the way that led to the locality of Alcala de Henares.
Debod Temple: This is an ancient Egyptian temple originally located in the Nubian region, but was moved to Spain in 1968.
Churches of Madrid Spain
Cathedral of the Almudena: It is the first cathedral in Spain consecrated by a Pope (John Paul II). Its official name is Santa Maria La Real de La Almudena. It is the episcopal headquarters of the diocese of Madrid and is located in the center of the city. It is totally built in stone of Novelda, a municipality of the Valencian Community whose most important industrial activity is the elaboration of marble and natural stone.
Royal Basilica of San Francisco the Great: It has a large Pinacoteca with paintings by "Zurbaran" And "Goya. It was built in the second half of the 18th century in the neoclassical style.
Basilica of Our Lady of Atocha: Located on the avenue of the city of Barcelona. It is one of the 3 Basilicas of Madrid and has a great tradition of worship by the Spanish royalty.
Basilica of Jesus of Medinaceli: Located in the Plaza de Jesus, it is currently under the order of the "Friars Minor Capuchins".
Calatrava Church: Built in the 17th century, it is the only existing part of the former Convent of the Royal Conception, now houses a rich artistic heritage.
San Andrés Church: Built at the end of the 12th century, it is located in the "Barrio de la Latina" Considered the most primitive church in Madrid.
Parks of Madrid Spain
Parque del Retiro: This emblematic park of Buen Retiro is a natural heritage and a landmark in the city of Madrid. It is one of the most representative places of the Spanish capital, also known as "El Retiro" With a total area of 118 hectares (1630 - 1640) destined for the recreation of royalty.
Among the places of interest within the park are: The Paseo de las Estatuas, La Puerta de España, La Rosaleda, Monument to Alfonso XII, the Artichoke, the Fallen Angel, The Artificial Mountain, The Gardens and the Ria And La Casa de Fieras, as well as El Palacio de Cristal, one of the busiest places in the Retiro Park.
Enrique Tierno Galván Park: Located southeast of the city in the Arganzuela district of Madrid, it is located on an area of 45 hectares, which makes it one of the largest parks of the City for its great size.
Parque del Oeste: Located in the old rubbish dump of the city, in 1906, the process of the mayor becomes a park, it is known for its rosaleda contest that is organized annually. / P>
Puerta del Sol: Place where the famous Km 0 is located, which marks the beginning of all the radial roads in Spain, in this square is also the post office building which is the most Old of the square, and on top of this is the Tower Clock, famous for being used to mark 12 at night every December 31 to announce the beginning of a new year.
Country House: It is located in the Barrio de Casa de Campo (Moncloa - Aravaca), is 5 times bigger than Central Park of New York, within its facilities are Parks Of attractions, a Zoo and a Cable Car, among other attractions.
Jardines de Sabatini: It is located opposite the Royal Palace of Madrid. Built in the 1930s, it occupies the place where the stables were formerly located during the First Republic.
Campo del Moro: Declared of historical and artistic interest in 1931, the plan was drawn in 1844, but the gardens were built at the end of the 19th century.
Palaces of Madrid Spain
Royal Palace of Madrid: It was built on the ruins of the Real Alcazar which was destroyed in a fire in 1734 ordered by Philip V of Bourbon. It is the official residence of the Kings of Spain, it is the largest palace in Western Europe as far as extension is concerned, inside it houses a great artistic historical patrimony like paintings, sculpture and upholstery.
Palace of Abrantes: In it is the current headquarters of the Institute of Italian Culture, appears in 1652 and from that date until today has passed through a series of owners, played an important role in The Spanish Civil War as the basis for the international brigades.
Crystal Palace of Arganzuela: Formerly known as the Municipal Slaughterhouse of Arganzuela, it is currently a botanical garden that houses different micro-climates for the breeding of different botanical species, entrance to it is free .
Palacio de Linares: Formerly known as Palacio de Murga, it is located next to Plaza de Cibeles, with an impressive structure, remained closed for several years until in 1992 it was remodeled and working. Recognized by the stories and ghostly legends that surround it.
Fountains of Madrid Spain
Cibeles Fountain: It is the most well-known source of Madrid because of its location that has been part of an endless number of events, better known by Madrid residents as the Cibeles, consists of an image of The goddess Cibeles in a chariot pulled by two lions.
Apollo Fountain: It is located in the Paseo del Prado, considered as a masterpiece of Neoclassicism, within it are represented the four seasons and an image of the god Apollo which has features of King Charles III.
Neptune Fountain: Located in the center of the Cánovas del Castillo square, it was built between 1780 and 1784 in neoclassical style.
Four Fountains: It is located at the intersection of Murillo Square with Paseo del Prado, also known as "Las Cillas", consisting of 4 identical small fountains distributed on a small square.
Bridges of Madrid Spain
Puente de Segovia: This imposing Renaissance building is located at the intersection of Segovia and Manzanares, the oldest bridge in the city.
Toledo Bridge: Built in the 17th century whose main objective was to connect the city of Madrid with the road to Toledo and thus facilitate commerce, throughout this structure you can see everything Type of sculptures of the time.
Queen Victoria Bridge: A work of the early twentieth century, also known as Victoria Bridge, its name is in honor of Queen Victoria Eugenia, wife of Alfonso XIII.
Puente de la Culebra: Built in the 18th century to prevent the carriages from passing to the country house, a place of recreation of the Spanish crown. It is located in the Park of the House of Field on the bed of the stream of Meaques.
Discover Madrid Spain
If you are planning to travel to Madrid Spain, whether for business or tourism, in addition to the passport and visa, we recommend you to check the following information: International Airports, Airport security rules, Type of luggage allowed and weight limits, Most visited cities, Driving in Madrid, Electricity, Time Stripes, Business Hours, National Holidays, Weights and Measures, Commercial Practices and Etiquette Rules.
What you should know when traveling to Madrid Spain
Climate in Madrid: The Madrid region has an inland Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) bordering on a semi-arid climate (BSk), with cool winters due to its altitude of 667 m (2,188 ft) above sea level, including sporadic snowfalls and minimum temperatures sometimes below freezing. Summers are hot, in the warmest month.
Travel insurance to travel to Madrid: If you are not a European citizen, you need to take out medical insurance to travel to Madrid and Spain.
Transport in Madrid
To get to the center of Madrid from the Airport you have several options. The easiest and cheapest is the subway, but you can also go by taxi or bus. Madrid is served by several roads and three modes of public transport surface. There are four major components of public transport, with many intermodal interchanges. One is the Metro, the second longest metro system in Europe.
Metro: to get out of the subway stop of the airport to enter, you have to pay a supplement of 3 euros, added to the price of the ticket of the meter that varies between 1.50-2 €. You will have to take line 8, which appears on the pink map, in the direction of the Nuevos Ministerios stop and, if necessary, carry out the transhipment to the desired destination.
It is recommended the bonus of the meter of 10 trips that allows to use it between several people, also includes the bus. The price of the bonus of 10 trips is 12.20 €, not including the airport supplement.
The metro service is closed from 1.30 a.m. to 6.00.m. approximately.
Bus: You can take the Express-Airport line that takes you from the various terminals of the airport to Atocha Station 24 hours a day. The bus also stops at Plaza Cibeles and O'Donell. The price of the ticket is 5 €. You can also take the 200 line that runs from the airport to the Avenida de América. It takes longer to get from the airport to the center, but is quite cheaper (€ 1.50). The frequency is somewhat more scarce than the Express-Airport bus.
From 11.30 p.m. to 6.00 p.m., buses do not leave from Atocha but you will have to go to Plaza Cibeles.
Taxi: The price of the taxi to go from the airport to the center of Madrid is set at 30 euros. There is no charge for carrying your suitcases.
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Madrid Spain Airports
Adolfo Suarez Madrid Barajas Airport
Adolfo Suarez Madrid Barajas Airport (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD), commonly known as Madrid Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. It is located on the northeast of Madrid, Barajas district, only 12 kilometers from Madrid city centre.
The airport provides four passenger terminals, one Executive terminal, one air cargo area, and two main areas of hangars.
The Airport counts on four runways, two to two parallel: 18L/36R - 18R/36L and 14L/32R - 14R/32L.
Serves: Madrid, Spain
Location: District of Barajas, Madrid
Hub for: Air Europa, Iberia Focus city for: Evelop Airlines, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair, Vueling andWamos Air.
There are other four airports in Madrid: Cuatro Vientos Airport, Torrejon Airport, Getafe Air Base and Monforte Airport.
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