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15 Best Spain Tourist Historical and Cultural Attractions
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Spain Vacation and Travel Guide
Spain is a tourist country that boasts an excellent infrastructure in the services sector, being among the three most visited countries in the world, where millions of tourists come yearly, attracted by its beaches and pleasant climate, its gastronomic wealth and its abundant artistic heritage.
Due to the large number of civilizations that left their imprint and legacy, makes Spain one of the richest countries in cultural heritage of the planet and places it as the world's first destination in Holiday Tourism.
Spain is considered as the first world destination in Holiday Tourism, with Madrid and Barcelona being the main tourist cities of the country, as they have a large tourist offer of various national and international congresses and conventions.
Among the best Tourist Attractions to be visited in Spain we can highlight:
The Royal Palace of Madrid
The Royal Palace of Madrid is the official residence of the King of Spain, although it is only used for state ceremonies, it is one of the most important tourist destinations in the country, built between 1738 and 1755, where King Charles III lived in 1764. It is partially open to the public, except when it is used for official business.
Museum of the Prado - Madrid
Considered the best Museum of Art in the world, the Prado Museum is the best tourist destination in Spain. It is located in the central part of Madrid. It has one of the finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century. The works of art exhibited were acquired by the kings of Spain, singularly rich in paintings by European masters from the 16th to the 19th centuries, And include masterpieces such as its main attraction is the wide presence of Velázquez, El Greco, Goya (the most widely represented artist in the museum), Tiziano, Rubens and Bosco, with the best and most extensive collections Which exist worldwide, to which must be added important groups of authors such as Murillo, Ribera, Zurbarán, Rafael, Veronese, Tintoretto, Van Dyck or Poussin, to name but a few of the most relevant.
The inventory of artistic assets of the museum comprises more than 35 000 objects, broken down into 8045 paintings, 10219 drawings, 6159 engravings and 34 stamping dies, 971 sculptures (in addition to 154 fragments), 1189 pieces of decorative arts, 38 weapons and armor, 2155 medals and coins, 5306 photographs, 4 books and 155 maps.
Iglesia La Sagrada Familia (The Holy Family Church) - Barcelona
The Sagrada Familia is a Roman Catholic Church located in Barcelona. Being one of the most visited tourist attractions in Spain. Its construction began in 1882 and has not yet finished. It was designed by the Catalan architect Antonio Gaudí, who worked on this project for almost 40 years until his death in 1926.
Monastery of Santa María de Montserrat - Barcelona
The Monastery of Santa María de Montserrat, a Benedictine monastery located in the mountain of Montserrat, belongs to the region of the Bages, province of Barcelona, to a height of 720 meters on the level of the sea. It is a symbol for Catalonia and has become a point of pilgrimage for believers and a must visit for tourists. Its surroundings, presided over by very peculiar massifs of granite and constituted as Natural Park, proposes a variety of excursions.
The Sanctuary of Montserrat, together with the sanctuaries of Torreciudad, El Pilar, Meritxell and Lourdes, make up the Marian Route, guided by Marian spirituality and devotion, possessing a rich heritage, gastronomic and natural. Among the different actions, that take place in Montserrat is the Escolania, which is one of the choirs of older singers in Europe.
Las Ramblas - Barcelona
La Rambla, also known as Las Ramblas (Les Rambles in Catalan), is an emblematic walk of the city of Barcelona that is located between the Plaza Cataluña, the city's nerve center, and the old port.
Las Ramblas is one of the interesting places to visit in Spain. It is a street in the central area of Barcelona, where one of the most popular markets in the world is located. Las Ramblas is just pedestrianized and offers markets, shops, cafes and outdoor restaurants. Where you can spend all day walking and looking for hidden treasures and tasting the good cuisine that Spain offers.
The Paseo de La Rambla flows into the old port (Plaza Portal de la Paz), where the famous statue of Christopher Columbus is located, and from there a wide walkway called Rambla de Mar leads to the pier of Spain, Where the Maremagnum shopping center is located. At the end of the mountain and from the Plaza de Catalunya, the upward trajectory that follows the walk along the Ensanche to meet the avenue Diagonal is called Rambla de Catalunya, considered an independent walk of the one that passes through Ciutat Vella.
In the immediate vicinity is the Maritime Museum (Maritim Museum), dedicated especially to the naval history in the Mediterranean, and in which the real scale reproduction of an old galley of combat is exhibited. The museum is located in the Royal Atarazanas (in Catalan, Drassanes), shipyards of the Middle Ages where ships were constructed that connected the extensive dominions of the Crown of Aragon in the Mediterranean. The old port offers other attractions, such as a leisure and shopping center, restaurants, an IMAX cinema, and the largest aquarium of Mediterranean marine fauna.
In the historical center, very close to La Rambla, are also interesting the Cathedral of Barcelona, the Plaza de San Jaime which houses the buildings of the Generalitat de Catalunya and the Barcelona City Hall, and the narrow alleys of both the Gothic and the Raval And the Born.
Casa Batllo - Barcelona
Located on the noble Paseo de Gracia in Barcelona, Spain, Casa Batlló is one of the most inspired works of Gaudí. It belongs to its naturalistic stage (first decade of the twentieth century), a period in which the architect perfects his personal style, inspired by the organic forms of nature, for which he put into practice a whole series of new structural solutions originated in the deep analyzes Made by Gaudí of the governed geometry.
It was declared Patrimony of the Humanity in 2005, stands out for its color and its undulating forms, finished in glazed ceramics and broken crystals.
Ronda is a small village that is located on a huge cliff 100 kilometers west of the city of Malaga. It has a magnificent bridge that crosses a gorge between Old Round and New Round. With a population of approximately 35,000 inhabitants, it is an interesting place to visit since there is the oldest Bullring in Spain, as well as Roman Baths.
The Alhambra - Granada
The Alhambra is located on a plateau overlooking the city of Granada capital of the province of Granada in southern Spain. It is constituted by a Fortress, a Palace and Gardens. The palace was built in the 14th century by Nasrid sultans. The Alhambra is one of the largest tourist destinations in Spain many tourists visit Granada with the sole purpose of visiting the Alhambra.
The Mosque of Cordoba
The Mosque of Cordoba was originally a Roman temple, then a Visigothic church before the Umayyad Mosques built the Mosque. It is one of the great architectural wonders of Islamic Art, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Being one of the most fascinating and famous buildings for its forest of pillars and arches that are inside the main hall. It is located in the Andalusian city of Cordoba, Spain. After the Spanish Reconquest, a cathedral was built in the center of the large Moro building. It is a beautiful building to visit.
The Royal Alcázar of Seville
The Royal Alcázar of Seville is a fortified palace located in front of the Cathedral of Seville that houses zones constructed in different historical stages, the original palace was built during the caliphate of Abd al-Rahman III, in the High Middle Ages, who ordered to build a Citadel as a place of residence of its rulers. It preserves some vestiges of Islamic art and, from the later stage to the Castilian conquest, a Mudejar palace and a Gothic style. In later reforms Renaissance, Mannerist and Baroque elements were added.
It is the residence of the members of the Spanish Royal Family when they visit Seville. This makes it the oldest royal palace in use in Europe. Unesco declared it World Heritage, next to the cathedral of Seville and the Archivo de Indias, in the year 1987.
Plaza de España - Seville
The Plaza de España is an architectural ensemble framed in the Parque de María Luisa of the Spanish city of Seville. It is the largest building of Andalusian regional architecture, designed by the Seville architect Aníbal González, who made many neomudéjar and regionalist style buildings in the city at the beginning of the 20th century. It was built as the main building of the Iberoamerican Exhibition of 1929.
The Plaza de España has become an icon of the city for its luminosity and regional style. This monumental semicircle of brick and ceramics is of great dimensions (170 meters in diameter), has a semi-elliptical form, symbolizing the embrace of Spain to its former American territories, and looks towards the Guadalquivir River, as a road to follow to America.
Its total area is approximately 50,000 square meters, of which 19,000 are built and the remaining 31000 are free space, is bordered by a channel that runs 515 m across four bridges. The buildings that envelop the square are structured in a central building, wings with intermediate constructions that compensate an excessive length flanked by two immense towers that frame a set of galleries and navigable ponds of eclectic style. In its banks all the provinces of Spain are represented in cloths of tiles, and their walls are decorated with busts of illustrious Spaniards.
Museum of the artist Salvador Dalí - Figueres
The Artist's Museum Salvador Dalí in his hometown of Figueres in Catalonia, Spain, is a beautiful and historic place. It is one of the most important tourist destinations in the north of Spain. Salvador Dalí is one of the most beloved painters in the world.
The Concha - San Sebastián
La Concha in San Sebastian is one of the best beach towns in Europe, it is one of the most beautiful islands for vacations and most visited in Spain. The beach of the Concha is a beach located in the bay of the Concha of the city of San Sebastián. Being one of the most famous urban beaches in the country.
It is located west of the mouth of the Urumea River, separated from it by Mount Urgull and housed in the Concha Bay, has an average length of 1,350 m, an average width of 40 m and an average surface area of 54,000 m².
Among its main tourist activities, we can highlight; Surfing, walking along the boardwalk looking for good restaurants and enjoying the beautiful views of the beach.
Guggenheim Museum - Bilbao
The Guggenheim Museum is of modern and contemporary art. It is one of the best and most beautiful place to visit. It is located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. It was designed by the Canadian architect Frank O. Gehry. It is one of the museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. Inaugurated on October 18, 1997 by King Juan Carlos I of Spain. It is considered one of the most significant architectural structures of the 20th century.
Through a holding company the Bilbao Museum has been gathering relevant examples of contemporary art, from local and international authors, with the aim of forming an own and autonomous collection; Although the selection criteria are outlined according to the Guggenheim Foundation in New York.
The Cathedral of Santiago of Compostela
The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, which for many is the most beautiful cathedral in the world, is reason enough to visit it. It is a temple of Catholic worship located in the city of the same name, in the center of the province of La Coruña, in Galicia (Spain). The construction of the present cathedral began in 1075 under the reign of Alfonso VI and the patronage of the bishop Diego Peláez. It was built on the same plane as the monastic brick church of St. Sernin of Toulouse, probably the largest Romanesque building in France.
In it is found, which, according to tradition, is the tomb of the Apostle James, which made the temple one of the main pilgrimage destinations of Europe during the Middle Ages through the Way of St. James, an initiatory route in Which followed the wake of the Milky Way communicating the Iberian peninsula with the rest of the continent.
This was determinant for the medieval Hispanic kingdoms to participate in the cultural movements of the time; It is still an important pilgrimage destination. A privilege granted in 1122 by Pope Calixto II declared that they would be "Holy Year" or "Jubilee Year" in Compostela all the years in which the day 25 of July, day of Santiago, coincided in Sunday; This privilege was confirmed by Pope Alexander III in his bull Regis aeterni in 1179.
It was declared a Cultural Interest in 1896, and the old town of Santiago de Compostela, which is centered around the cathedral, was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1985.
Aqueduct of Segovia
The Aqueduct of Segovia is the most important symbol of the Castilian city of Segovia. A great work of Roman engineering raised with huge blocks of granite united without mortar or mortar in an ingenious and wise balance of forces. Its construction dates from the beginning of the second century d. C., at the end of the reign of the emperor Trajano or principles of Hadrian. The most visible, and therefore famous, part is the archery that crosses the square of the Azoguejo, in the city.
The aqueduct of Segovia leads the waters of the Fuenfría spring, located in the mountain range near 17 kilometers of the city, in a place called La Acebeda. It travels more than 15 kilometers before arriving in the city.
In 1985 Unesco declared it a World Heritage Site next to the old city of Segovia.
The Holy Cathedral Church Metropolitan Basilica of Santa Maria is a cathedral temple of Catholic worship dedicated to the Virgin Mary, in the Spanish city of Burgos. From anywhere in the old part of town you can see a magnificent and changing perspective of this harmonious masterpiece of European Gothic art.
It was declared National Monument on April 8, 1885 and Patrimony of Humanity by Unesco on October 31, 1984.
The design of the main façade is related to the classic French Gothic of the great cathedrals (Paris or Reims). It consists of three bodies topped by two lateral towers of square plan. In its striking silhouette stand out the elegant and quiet tardogóticas needles that crown the main façade. It is one of the masterpieces of Spanish Gothic and chronologically the first representation of classical Gothic architecture in the crown of Castile and all Spain.
Numerous are the architectural, sculptural and pictorial treasures of its interior. They stand out among them:
The Gothic-plateresque dome, first raised by John of Cologne in the fifteenth century and rebuilt by Juan de Vallejo in the sixteenth, following plans of John of Langres.
- The Condestable Chapel, in Elizabethan Gothic style, in which the Colonia family, Diego de Siloé and Felipe Vigarny worked.
- The Hispano-Flemish Gothic altarpiece of Gil de Siloé for the Chapel of Santa Ana.
- The seat of the choir, Plateresque Renaissance work of Vigarny.
- The tardogóticos reliefs of the girola, of Vigarny.
- The numerous gothic and Renaissance tombs.
- The Renaissance Golden Staircase, by Diego de Siloé.
- The Holy Christ of Burgos, image of great devotional tradition.
- The tomb of Cid Campeador and his wife Doña Jimena, his letter of arras and his chest.
- The Flycatcher, articulated statue that opens the mouth to give the chimes of the hours.