Europe Travel and Tourist Guide
Spain Top Destinations - Best Places and Tourist Attractions to Visit in Sapin
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Spain is a tourist country with an excellent infrastructure in the service sector, being among the three most visited in the world, which annually attracts millions of travelers attracted by its beaches and pleasant climate, the abundant artistic heritage of the country and the gastronomic wealth, in addition Of being one of the richest nations in cultural heritage of the planet
Spain, also called Kingdom of Spain, is a transcontinental country that is located in both Western Europe and North Africa.
Spain is a sovereign country, member of the European Union, constituted in Social State and Democratic of right and whose form of government is the Parliamentary Monarchy. Its territory is organized in seventeen autonomous communities and two autonomous cities, these formed, in turn, by fifty provinces, its capital is the city of Madrid.
Castilian is the official Spanish language of the State, other languages, also Spanish, are recognized as co-official in several autonomous communities, according to the Statutes of Autonomy.
The monetary unit is the euro, issued by the Bank of Spain in coordination with the European Central Bank. Spain has an area of 504,645 km², being the fourth largest country of the continent, after Russia, Ukraine and France. With an average altitude of 650 meters above sea level, it is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe.
The peninsular territory shares land borders with France and Andorra to the north, Portugal to the west and the British territory of Gibraltar to the south. In its African territories, it shares land and sea borders with Morocco.
It shares with France the sovereignty over the Isle of Pheasans at the mouth of the Bidasoa River and five Pyrenean towns.
In Europe it occupies most of the Iberian peninsula, known as peninsular Spain, and the archipelago of the Balearic Islands (in the western Mediterranean sea); In Africa are the cities of Ceuta (in the Tingitana peninsula) and Melilla (in the Cabo de Tres Forcas), the Canary Islands (in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean), the Chafarinas Islands (Mediterranean Sea), the Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera (Mediterranean Sea), the islands Alhucemas (gulf of the islands Alhucemas), and the island of Alborán (sea of Alborán). The municipality of Llivia, in the Pyrenees, constitutes an enclave completely surrounded by French territory. It completes the set of territories a series of islands and islets in front of the own peninsular coasts.
Tourism in Spain
Tourism is one of the pillars of the Spanish economy. Spain is a tourist country with an excellent infrastructure in the services sector, being among the three most visited in the world, which annually attracts millions of travelers attracted by its beaches and pleasant climate, the abundant artistic heritage of the country and the gastronomic wealth, in addition Of being one of the richest nations in cultural heritage of the planet due to the great number of civilizations that left their imprint and legacy in the Iberian Peninsula, which places it as the first world destination in holiday tourism. Madrid and Barcelona are the main tourist cities in Spain. Since they have a large tourist offer of various national and international congresses and conventions.
Other tourist areas of importance of Spain are:
Canary Islands which has an average of more than 10 million tourists per year standing out The Teide National Park located on the island of Tenerife, being the most visited tourist in Spain. In addition to being the most visited National Park in Europe and the second in the world.
The Balearic Islands (Cala Trebalúger) better known as Menorca is the second tourist destination of the country and Puerto Banús located in Marbella, Malaga, is part of the Costa del Sol area, one of the most important tourist and sunshine regions Of Spain, due to its rather warm and sunny climate compared to other European countries. Temperatures in summer often vary between 20 and 40 degrees, and many regions have more than 300 days of sunshine a year, with generally dry and hot summers. The tourist capacity in the coastal towns provides an enormous number of hotels, restaurants and homes on the beach of which the Costa del Sol and Costa Valenciana are faithful exponent with Marbella, Torremolinos and Benidorm as undisputed promoters.
We can also emphasize the Tourism of Snow, where the "Ski Tourism" proliferates in diverse mountainous systems. With places like Sierra Nevada. Cultural and Historical Tourism is also developed in Spain, highlighting medium-sized cities such as Toledo or Segovia and others with greater population like Granada.
Northern Spain has a slightly cooler and wetter climate. Many Spaniards and foreigners are attracted by the millennial Camino de Santiago or playful parties such as San Fermín. The northern zone combines rural tourism with large sands that enjoy good weather in summer and ski tourism in winter.
The northern part of the country presents a singular beauty due to the proximity of mountains with abundant vegetation to areas such as the Cantabrian coast, the Rías de Galicia or the Picos de Europa. In recent years there has grown interest in cultural tourism in Spain, increasing the number of visitors to destinations like the Roman Merida of Extremadura or historical places of Castilla and Leon.
Gastronomy of Spain
The Spanish gastronomy is wide and varied, with dishes as typical as gazpacho, paella, Madrid stew, fabada, Iberian ham, seafood or fish typical of the area. Olive oil, of which Spain is the first producer country in the world, is used in a great diversity of dishes, and is very appreciated in other countries.
Monuments of Spain - World Heritage
Spain has, together with Italy, the largest number of places declared World Heritage by Unesco, totaling 41. In addition, thirteen Spanish cities hold the title of Cities Patrimony of the Humanity also by UNESCO, between the Which include: Santiago de Compostela, Salamanca, Avila, Segovia, Alcala de Henares, Toledo, Cáceres, Merida, San Cristóbal de la Laguna, Cordoba, Ibiza, Cuenca, Úbeda, Baeza, and Tarragona, making Spain the country with More cities awarded this distinction.
The most visited monuments are the Alhambra of Granada and the Temple of the Sagrada Familia of Barcelona that dispute the leadership annually.
Main Natural Spaces of Spain
Spain is the most mountainous country in the European Union after Greece, and at altitude only Switzerland, Austria and the small states of Andorra and Liechtenstein excel. It owns fourteen National Parks, which are those possessing a high natural and cultural value, with little anthropic action and that because of their exceptional natural values and their singularity deserve a preferential attention to the one of general interest of the nation for being representative of the natural heritage Spanish.
These National Parks are as follows:
- National Park of Aigüestortes and Lake of San Mauricio, in Lérida
- Cabañeros National Park, between Toledo and Ciudad Real
- Maritime-terrestrial national park of the Cabrera Archipelago, in the Balearic Islands. It belongs to the municipal area of Palma de Mallorca.
- Caldera de Taburiente National Park, on the island of La Palma, province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
- Natural Area of Doñana, between the provinces of Huelva, Seville and Cadiz
- Garajonay National Park, on the island of La Gomera, province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
- National Park of the Atlantic Islands of Galicia, in Pontevedra
- National park of Monfragüe, in Cáceres
- National park of Ordesa and Monte Perdido, in Huesca. Picos de Europa National Park, between León, Asturias and Cantabria
- National Park of the Sierra Nevada, between Granada and Almeria National Park of the Tables of Daimiel, in Ciudad Real
- Teide National Park on the island of Tenerife (Santa Cruz de Tenerife)
- Timanfaya National Park, on the island of Lanzarote, province of Las Palmas
- Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, in Madrid
Other protection figures are the Natural Parks, of which Spain adds 126, and the Regional Parks, with a total of 25, all spread throughout the Spanish geography. These protection figures are aimed both at protecting these resources considered to be of interest to the Spanish state, as well as promoting their knowledge and sustainable use of them, enhancing activities such as caving, hiking, bird watching, rafting, canoeing And climbing among others.
Top Tourist Routes in Spain
- Santiago's road
- Route of the Caliphate from Cordoba to Granada
- Route of the White Villages in the province of Cadiz
- Route of the drum and the bass drum in Teruel
- Ruta del Toro in the province of Cádiz
- Vía de la Plata
- Ruta del Cid
- Route of Don Quixote
- Route of the Marshes in the province of Palencia
- Route of the Monasteries of Valencia
- Císter route in Catalonia
- Mariana Route in Aragon and the province of Barcelona (in addition to France).
- Route of the Nazaríes in the provinces of Jaén and Granada.
- Route of the Castles and Battles in the provinces of Ciudad Real, Jaen and Granada.
- Camí de Cavalls in Menorca.
- Route of the Alpujarra in the provinces of Granada and Almería
Festivals of International Tourist Interest of Spain
The Festivals of International Tourist Interest are one of the most important international tourist assets in Spain. Among the most notable ones with the highest number of visitors are the Fallas de Valencia, the Albacete Fair, the Santa Cruz de Tenerife Carnival, the Sanfermines of Pamplona, the Pilar Festival of Zaragoza, the Semana Santa de Málaga or the Fair of April of Seville. In recent years there has grown interest in cultural tourism in Spain, increasing the influx of visitors to destinations such as the Roman Mérida of Extremadura or historic places of Castilla y León.