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Europe Travel and Tourist Guide
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GuiaViajuesVirtal Europe is the Travel and Tourist Guide, which allows you to make trips to Europe at a click, visiting tourist destinations, historical and cultural places, of most influence in Europe.
Enjoy the attractions and tourist destinations offered by the continent where nation's history and culture of the Western world was born, the Cultural Tourism, Adventure Tourism, Archaeological Tourism, Religious Tourism, Ecotourism and its squares and monuments, churches, cultural centers, theaters and Recreational Parks.
Offering you the best travel deals, hotels and cheap flights for your holiday by the European continent.
Europe is one of the continents that form the Eurasian supercontinent located between latitudes 36 and 70 degrees north latitude.
Conventionally and for historical reasons is considered a continent, following the redefinition by the Russian geographer Vasily Tatishchev who wished to draw membership from Russia to Europe and Asia.
Europe is the cradle of Western culture. European nations played a major role in world affairs since the sixteenth century onwards, especially after the beginning of colonization. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, European nations controlled most of Africa, America, and much of Asia, and later also Oceania.
Europe covers an area of 11,100,000 square kilometers, extending from Asia to the Atlantic, and from Africa to the Arctic. European countries welcome more than 480 million international visitors per year, more than half of the global market, and of the 10 most visited countries in the world, seven are European nations.
It is easy to see why a well-preserved cultural heritage, open borders and an efficient infrastructure makes visiting Europe a breeze, and rarely have to travel more than a few hours before diving into a new culture. Although Europe is the second smallest continent in terms of area, there are profound differences between cultures and ways of life in their countries.
Subdivisions of Europe
Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Central Europe
Regions of Europe
Balkans, Baltic States, Great Britain and Ireland, Caucasus, Central Europe, France and Benelux, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, Iberia, Italy, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, Scandinavia
A set of very small independent states in Europe:
- Andorra: located between France and Spain>
- Liechtenstein lies between Switzerland and Austria
- Malta: it situated in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily (Italy) and Tunisia and Africa
- Monaco: surrounded by France on one side and overlooking the Mediterranean on the other
- San Marino: completely surrounded by Italy
- Vatican: completely surrounded by the city of Rome, Italy
Weather in Europe
It characterizes Europe, the high average amount of sea and ocean coasts due to the presence of abundant peninsulas, bays, inland seas and islands. This and the influence of the Gulf Stream and the proximity of the hot deserts of Africa and Asia than in Europe determine preponderates, a temperate climate. Which makes it a pleasant and good for the current agricultural climate.
Europe is a continent of many completely different countries. A subset of these countries is in the slow and painful process of rapprochement with the European Union (EU).
Not all EU countries have adopted the euro (€), the single European currency. In addition, most member countries of the EU are adhered to the Schengen Agreement, which abolished border controls between them.
Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Vatican City, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Eurasian countries are politically, but culturally it is considered as Europe
Traditionally it considered to Cyprus as part of Europe, although geographically located in Asia.
Russia is a transcontinental country with only a quarter of its territory in Europe, but with 75% of its population in the European part and a history, ties and dedication truly European
Turkey, much of its territory enuentra in Asia, but politically and culturally is considered Europe.
Topt Destination in Europe
Europe is one of the most exciting places for a holiday for all cities have some appeal whether cultural, natural, architectural, culinary and artistic. The history and beauty of their countries is indisputable, and the experiences that provides visiting this continent are incomparable.
France, Spain, Italy, England and Germany are the main destinations in Europe. All include elements that are part of the tourist agendas of the millions of tourists who visit annually.
Most visited Cities in Europe
Among the most visited cities in Europe are:
- Paris - the capital of romance (and France) on the banks of the Seine
- London - really vibrant multicultural capital and Britain
- Istanbul - the only major city to span two continents and a fascinating fusion of East and West.
- Rome - the eternal city of seven hills and 2500 years of history
- Madrid - a city with amazing history, incredible offer of museums and a thriving nightlife
- Moscow - the largest city in Europe is famous for its nightlife and the iconic Kremlin
- Prague - magical city with its famous bridges spanning the river Vltava
- Athens - the cradle of Western civilization is full of historical monuments
- Amsterdam - canals, Rembrandt, hashish and red lanterns, the epicenter of liberal attitudes
- Barcelona - Gaudí cosmopolitan home on the Mediterranean coast.
Main Tourist Attractions in Europe
Notre Dame, Paris: The Notre Dame (or Our Lady of Paris) is an immense Gothic church dedicated to the Virgin Mary in the Ile de la Cité.
Near the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, Notre Dame is one of the three most famous monuments of Paris. It has been a model of hundreds of cathedrals throughout the world and its beauty is incomparable.
Louvre, Paris: The Louvre is one of the most famous and recognized worldwide museums. It is the national museum of France, and it is visited by thousands of tourists each month. Its construction was focused with a pre-Impressionist style, and it has a lot of architectural details that define its time.
Sacre Coeur, Paris: The Basilica of the Sacred Heart (Sacre Coeur) is one of the most important holy places in Paris. It is located at the top of Montmartre, a hill 130 meters high from which magnificent views of Paris are contemplated. In the steeple of the Basilica is the largest bell in France, whose weight is approximately eighteen tons.
Colosseum, Rome: The Colosseum is the most important symbol of the Eternal City and one of the 7 wonders of the world, besides being one of the most visited monuments in the world.
Eiffel Tower, Paris: The Eiffel Tower is the undisputed symbol of Paris, France and even dare to say that in Europe. It is certainly the first thing that comes to mind when we think of Paris. And this tower, designed and built in the "Roaring" gradually gained the privileged place that previously only the Arc de Triomphe, Notre Dame Cathedral and the Louvre disputed.
Palace of Versailles, Paris: The Palace of Versailles and its gardens are one of the most important tourist attractions in France. Seven million tourists come just to see Versailles gardens. Both for its size and its splendor is the masterpiece of palace architecture in Europe.
The British Museum, London: The British Museum is the largest museum in the UK, and one of the largest and most famous museums of antiques from around the world. Since its opening, but closed its doors because of the two world wars, and has grown from 5,000 visitors a year, more than 5 million, becoming one of the most visited museums in the world.
Basilica San Marco, Venice: Basilica of San Marcos is the most important religious temple churches in Venice, it is located on the square of the same name and is one of the main tourist sites in the city.
Roman Forum, Rome: The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum or Forum Magnum or just commonly Forum) was once the epicenter of the life of Roma in the Republican era and taking place in trade, business, prostitution, religion and the administration of justice. This field of ruins leads printed on its soil the twelve centuries of Roman history. It's where all the civic life in ancient Rome developed: political, justice, commerce, social life and worship of the gods.
Galleries Tate Modern, London: The British National Museum of Modern Art, better known as Tate Modern, is the most visited museum of modern art in the world, surpassing the MoMA in New York and the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid.
The Tate Modern is located in central London and is part of the group of museums Tate along with Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives, the latter two located outside London.
The National Gallery, London: The National Gallery in London, located in Trafalgar Square, you can see more than two thousand paintings made in Europe between the thirteenth and twentieth centuries. Special mention their collections of Dutch Renaissance Italian painting (the best available outside Italy) and. The National Gallery was founded in 1824 thanks to the contributions of its founders, most notably Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, its first director, in an effort to become a museum for everyone.
Natural History Museum, London: The Natural History Museum opened its doors to the public in 1881 but its true origins date back more than 250 years ago. It all started when the collector of curiosities Sir Hans Sloane gave their collections to the nation in 1753. A more these collections provided by the botanist Joseph Banks made his trip with Captain James Cook added. Sir Richard Owen suggested that the Government was necessary to create a new science museum.
Sistine Chapel, Vatican: Sistine Chapel owes its name to Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere (1471-1484), who wanted to build a large new environment in the place where rose the "Cappella Magna" classroom fortified medieval age, for meetings of the papal court. The Sistine construction was also to meet the demands of defensive then threatened two dangers: the Signoria of Florence, ruled by the Medici, with whom the pope was in permanent tension, and Turkish Mahmut II, who in those years threatened the coasts eastern Italy. Its implementation started in 1475, Jubilee year proclaimed by Sixtus IV, and was completed in 1483 when, on August 15, the Pope solemnly inaugurated the chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption.
Vatican Museums, Vatican: The Vatican Museums are other rooms of galleries and artistic value owned by the Church and publicly in the Vatican City. Works show an extensive collection of the Roman Catholic Church. Its founding was based private collection of Julius II, who was elected pope in 1503; Later other popes have been increasing comprising extensive collections of these museums.
Other tourist attractions in Europe
- Los Alpes: very popular mountain for skiing / snowboarding and mountain, with the Mont Blanc as the highest peak
- National Park of the Cinque Terre: a magnificent national park, connecting five picturesque villages
- Bialowieza National Park: where they remain the last parts of the immense primeval forest that once covered the entire plain of Europe
- Laguna Azul: Geothermal an incredible spa with water temperatures around 40 ° C all year round, even in freezing conditions
- The Alhambra: fortress, the palace is in the city garden and the government is a party, a medieval set and overlooking Granada
- Meteora Monasteries: six Eastern Orthodox monasteries built on natural sandstone rock pillars
- Neuschwanstein Castle: the castle fairy tale well known in the Bavarian Alps in Germany
- Plitvice Lakes National Park: turquoise lakes, surrounded by a large forest complex
- Stonehenge: the Neolithic and Bronze known stone monument located on Salisbury Plain Age
Cultual Tourism in Europe
Europe is a key destination for cultural tourism, with lots of places in the first order and a huge traffic of visitors from within and outside the continent. It is estimated that cultural tourism represents 40% of the entire European tourism.
Tourists are increasingly looking for authentic experiences. They want to meet and know other people and other cultures.
Tourism policy must adapt to these trends and develop a quality that promotes local cultures and traditions and pay attention to aspects of sustainability, namely, conservation of heritage, landscape and local culture.
The transnational cultural tourism products constitute a heritage and common European values. Contribute to present and promote Europe as "unique tourist destination." Therefore, the European Commission implements a series of activities to support transnational tourism products based on specific issues that still have great potential for growth.
Tips for Shopping in Europe
Euro (symbol: €) is the common currency of many countries of the European Union. One euro equals 100 cents. Founded in 1999 and introduced as effective 1 January 2002, the euro eliminates the need for currency exchange. As such, it is not only a benefit for European companies, but of course also to travelers.
The euro has not been adopted by all EU countries. Countries that have replaced their national currencies with the euro are commonly called "Eurozone" or "euro zone". By law, all EU countries (except Denmark and the United Kingdom) have finally adopt the euro, with the next round of enlargement takes place in 2011, with the entry of Estonia into the euro area .
Coins EurosFuera EU, Kosovo and Montenegro have unilaterally adopted the euro, but all other countries still retain their own currencies. Euros are widely accepted in European countries outside the euro zone, but not always, and the shops and restaurants of those countries, they rarely accept them (Many hotels, however, accept payment in euros.) Houses money exchange agree to change smoothly, so the euro is accepted almost everywhere in the world.
Since relatively few years since the introduction of euro cash, some people can still use the names of their respective legacy currencies.
Do not accept any of the obsolete currencies. While banks in several countries still change euros, there is no guarantee that this is possible everywhere or on short notice. You should also expect to leave their personal information on the bench as a precaution against money laundering.
Across Europe, ATMs are available. It accepts multiple cards and credit cards. However, you should be willing to pay a service fee (usually a percentage of the amount withdrawn, with a minimum of a few euros). Read labels or warnings on the machine before use.
Accepting credit card is not as universal as in other parts of the world, especially in Eastern Europe, but is constantly growing. Some countries require merchants to check the identification number for the purchase of only € 50, and many shops will insist that show some form of identification for any credit card transaction.
With over 50 countries closely linked and the 28 currencies stuck in an area roughly the size of Canada or China, and more tourist arrivals than any other, the exchange rate is a fact of life in Europe, and the market is probably better than any other established in the world, and are available almost everywhere. Banks are a good choice, almost without exception, of all European currencies and within the European Union banks accept almost any currency lawfully marketed abroad. Companies specializing in foreign exchange are also widespread, especially in major tourist destinations, and are often somewhat better in changing banks. However, like all ATMs accept credit cards and debit cards, many visitors simply withdraw money electronically to approach the kind of change as real as possible.
Map of Europe